Presented by: Perdebaeva Indira

Yüklə 32,33 Kb.
ölçüsü32,33 Kb.
  1   2   3


Presented by: Perdebaeva Indira
(207 group)
The different processes of words coming into existence to mean something specific are called word formation processes. The phrace from the first sentence contains an example of a special type of word formation process known as conversion.
The word shape involves this conversion process ;where shape was once only a noun –the form of something ,such as a circle –now it can also be a verb – to or construct something.
Conversion Definition

  • A type of word formation process in which a word is assigned to a new word class or part of speech without any change in form. The pivotal element in the conversion process is meaning . A word that undergoes no structural change but changes grammatical categories (therefore meaning ,ta a degree)has undergone conversion.

  • A grammatical category is a until of grammar such as noun,verb, or adjective that share common features and function the same way in speech and writing.

  • In the example of the word(s) shape, the word changed from a noun , to express the form of something ,to a verb that expresses how something takes form.There is a slight change in meaning as the words function differently in speech ,but not so drastic a change that the words are no longer related.


  1. Tempt-temptation

Examples of conversion words

  1. Here are some examples of true conversion words.Some begin as verbs and convert to nouns,while others work in the reverse order .

  1. Host (noun) – a person who receives or entertains another

To host(verb )- the act of receiving or entertaining another

  1. To hope (verb) – the act of trusting or expecting something to happen

Hope (noun)- the feeling of trust or expectation that smth will happen

  1. Eye (noun)- an organ needed for sight

To eye (verb)- to view someone or smth closely or with suspicion .

  1. Microwave (noun)- a home appliance that uses electromagnetic waves to infuse heat into objects

To microwave(verb)- to cook or warm food .
A less common form of conversion than verbification is the transition from verb to noun is still widely used.
** you can be sure of succeeding in your attacks if you only attack places which are undefended.(chapter 6)
In this example, the word attack is used first as a noun and then as a verb.The word attack began in the English language as a verb but,as seen here, can also be a noun.
Orher conversions
Adverbs can become nouns :
Up (adv)- direction or position
Up (noun)- an upward trend in outlook or luck
Conversion refers to the process of changing or converting the class of a word without changing its form. The word email, for instance, can be used as a verb in Modern English though it was only a noun in the past.

Yüklə 32,33 Kb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
  1   2   3

Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur © 2024
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə