Today’s Lecture



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Today’s Lecture

  • Today’s Lecture

  • Ottomans and the World:

  • Piri Reis’ Map of Amricals

  • Travelers of the medieval and early modern worlds

  • Venetian merchants

  • Marco Polo

  • Ibn Battuta

  • Ottomans


REVIEW

  • REVIEW

  • PEOPLE OF THE EMPIRE

  • The ruling elite (askeri)

  • All the ruling circles including the Sultan and his household,

  • provincial administrators,

  • religio-administrative cadre (ulema, sing. alim).

  • Privileges including tax exemption

  • The subjects (reaya)

  • Peasants, town and city dwellers, and nomads. Both Muslim and non-Muslim.







Review

  • Review

  • Ahmed I 1603-1617

  • Mustafa 1617-1618

  • Osman II 1618-1622

  • Mustafa 1622-1623

  • Murad IV 1623-1640

  • İbrahim 1640-1648

  • Mehmed IV 1648-1693























Bird’s-eye view of Venice from the south, Jacopo de’ Barbari, 1500

  • Bird’s-eye view of Venice from the south, Jacopo de’ Barbari, 1500



Boarding a ship in Venice 1500s

  • Boarding a ship in Venice 1500s

  • where would you be going?

  • you would be leaving as…

  • would you go to these new lands totally unprepared?

  • what kind of educational skills such a training could provide to you?

  • What kind of a life awaited you there?

  • what kinds of risks would you take during your travels?





Recommendations for the pilgrim’s spiritual and bodily welfare by the late fifteenth-century Milanese Brasca:

  • Recommendations for the pilgrim’s spiritual and bodily welfare by the late fifteenth-century Milanese Brasca:

  • 1. The pilgrim needs to be clear about his devotional priorities

  • 2. Before leaving he should put his affairs in order and make his will

  • 3. He will need two purses, one containing 150 to 200 Venetian ducats and the other full of patience.

  • 4. He should pack a warm jacket for the homeward voyage as well as clean shirts and linen.



The Reception of the Venetian Ambassadors in Damascus, Gentile Bellini, probably 1513-6.

  • The Reception of the Venetian Ambassadors in Damascus, Gentile Bellini, probably 1513-6.







Maltepe and Kıssahan Bridge

  • Maltepe and Kıssahan Bridge

  • Matrakçı Nasuh, Beyan-i Menazil-i Sefer-i Irakeyn, (Halting Stations of the Eastern Campaign) dating from 1537-38.





63b

  • 63b



Derbend-i Alagöz 24a

  • Derbend-i Alagöz 24a





Vezir Hanı, Aleppo, 1683

  • Vezir Hanı, Aleppo, 1683



Vezir Hanı, Aleppo, 1683

  • Vezir Hanı, Aleppo, 1683



Vezir Hanı, Aleppo, 1683

  • Vezir Hanı, Aleppo, 1683











Ottoman geographers and the far away lands

  • Ottoman geographers and the far away lands

  • 1520s a merchant named Ali Ekber traveled to China, and after his return produced a detailed account of Chinese administration and customs named as Hitay-name.

  • In 1554 an Ottoman naval contingent was shipwrecked in India. Its commander Seydi Ali Reis wrote the adventurous tale of his return, Miratü’l-Memalik, giving glimpses of Indian and Central Asian culture.

  • Mehmed Aşık (d. 1598) from Trabzon compiled a voluminous cosmography from a number of classical sources in Arabic and Persian. For the Ottoman lands he included his own observations during his travels.

  • Katip Çelebi (1609-1657) wrote his geography Cihannüma using European geographies like Mercator’s Geography, dismissed Ali Ekber’s accounts on China, but used non-literary accounts of merchants. His draft does not contain anything that originates in his own experiences, even though he marched through Anatolia several times on a campaign.




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