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uzbekistan in the world

THEME: "Uzbekistan and the world"
ISFT – 2023
Student: Soliboyev Asilbek
Teacher: Mahkamova Komila
The first recorded settlers in what is now Uzbekistan were Eastern Iranian nomads, known as Scythians, who founded kingdoms in Khwarazm, Bactria, and Sogdia in the 8th–6th centuries BC, as well as Fergana and Margiana in the 3rd century BC – 6th century AD.The area was incorporated into the Achaemenid Empire and, after a period of Greco-Bactrian rule, was ruled by the Parthian Empire and later by the Sasanian Empire, until the Muslim conquest of Persia in the seventh century. The early Muslim conquests and the subsequent Samanid Empire converted most of the people into adherents of Islam.

Welcome to Uzbekistan!


Uzbekistan – Central Asia Region

Uzbekistan – General Information
  • Area: 447,001 km2 (172,588 mi2) or 2.5 size of Florida
  • Population: 26 million (July 2003 est.)
  • Ethnic Groups: Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 estimates)
  • Independence in August 1991 from former USSR
  • President: Islom Abduganievich KARIMOV (since 1990)
  • Capital: Tashkent (population 2 million)
  • Religion: Muslim, Eastern Orthodox

Where is Uzbekistan?

Geography & Administration

  • Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia.
  • The nation is divided into 12 vilayats (governmental regions) plus one autonomous republic: Karakalpakstan (the Aral Sea region).
  • The country can be divided into three zones:
    • Desert (Kyzylkum), steppe and semi-arid region covering 60% of the country, mainly the central and western parts;
    • Fertile Valleys (including the Fergana valley) that skirt the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers;
    • Mountainous Areas in the east with peaks of about 4500 m(14765 ft) above sea level (Tien Shan and Gissaro-Alay mountain ranges).


Temperature is continental, dry and hot :

  • Summer 107-116 ºF in the plains
  • 77-86 ºF in the mountainous zone

  • Winter 12 ºF in the north
  • 35 - 37 ºF in the south


  • Annual 10 inches
  • 4 inches in the northwest

    17 inches in the mountainous zone, middle and southern

  • Rainfall occurs during the winter season, mainly between October and April.

Uzbekistan – Central Asia Region

City of Samarkand

2500 Years Old


  • Uzbekistan’s children, teenagers and young people under the age of 25 comprise approximately 60% of the total population.
  • Nowadays in the country every third child studies at the secondary school or gets trade experience at the high and secondary special schools and trade institutions. Five million children study at school, and more than a million are preparing to be school children at kindergarten level.



  • Kurash - the traditional upright jacket wrestling which originated in Uzbekistan more than 3500 years ago. The original translation of the word "Kurash" from the Uzbek language is grappling or wrestling. Kurash as a type of martial art or public sport entertainment is mentioned in many ancient oriental historical sources.
  • The great oriental scientist and philosopher Avetsena writes that practicing Kurash is one the best ways to keep the human body and mind healthy and sound. Still there is no exact information when, where and by whom Kurash was first practiced. Kurash is one of the most ancient forms of martial arts people had ever practiced.

Customs and traditions

People from Uzbekistan can be chiefly described as hospitable - Uzbek hospitality is something to be experienced. You will certainty find yourself as a guest in an Uzbek house. There is a short information about Uzbek national dish –Pilav.

Pilav is the most popular dish in Uzbekistan. You will almost always be served pilav as a guest. This dish basically consists of cooked meat, rice, onion,garlic and spices. During the autumn hunting season, gourmets would use quail, pheasant, wild goose, wild pigeon's as a substitute for mutton. This, however, is not very common.

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