Words Indexed by Roots



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AB/ABS = OFF, AWAY

Abstain = refrain

X indulges in, persist

Abstinence = asceticism

X indulgence

Abstemious = ascetic, austere, Spartan,

frugal

X unrestricted, luxurious, hedonistic



Abysmal = terrible, awful, very bad, dreadful,

appalling

X superb

Abyss = gulf, chasm, void, hole

Abdicate = Abjure, Abnegate, renounce

Abscond = run away


ACR/ACER/ACU = BITTER, SHARP, PUNGENT

Acumen = insight, sharpness, shrewdness,

intelligence

Acrimonious = bitter, hostile, unfriendly,

harsh, rancorous, deceitful

Acerbic = sharp, bitter, acid, cutting, caustic

Exacerbate = worsen, intensify, aggravate

X improve


ANIM = MIND, LIFE, SPRIT, SOUL

Animus = ill will

Animosity = hatred, hostility, bitterness,

unfriendly, acrimony


ANTHROP = MANKIND

Misanthrope = one who hates mankind

Philanthropy = loving mankind, charity,

benevolence, Compassion, patronage, generosity

Anthropologist = one who studies the origin

of human beings

Anthropomorphic = shape like

Human beings


ANDR = MAN

Androgynous = both male and female

Android = robot with shape of man, machine
ANTE = BEFORE, FRONT

Antepenultimate = second last

Antecedent = precursor, ancestor,

forerunner, predecessor


AMBL = TO WALK

Ambulatory = Able to walk about

Perambulator = baby carriage, push chair

Preamble = preface, foreword, premise,

Prologue

APO = AWAY

Apology = regret, defense, excuse,

admission of guilt, confession

Apotheosis = The elevation of a person to

the status of a god, praise, deification, adoration, extol, encomium, panegyric, eulogy,

adulate, adore, worship, plaudit

Apogee = highest point, zenith, pinnacle,

acme, summit, peak, apex, top

Apostate = A disloyal person who forsakes

his cause or religion or political party or friend etc., absconder, traitor, runaway, reengage, fugitive


AGOG = LEAD

Demagogue = An orator who appeals to the

passions and prejudices of his

audience


Pedagogue = one who teaches, Pedantic,

doctrinaire, arcane

Synagogue = The house of worship for a

Jewish congregation


ALTI = HEIGHT

Altimeter = An instrument used to measure

height above the ground; used in navigation

Exalt = praise, laud, applaud, acclaim,

X disparage

Exult = rejoice, glory, revel, triumph


AMBI/AMPHI = BOTH

Amphitheatre = A sloping gallery with seats

for spectators

Amphibian = animal/object that can move in

both land and water

Ambiguous = Having more than one

possible meaning, equivocal,
AEV/IEV = PERIOD

Medieval = Middle ages

Primeval = primitive, ancient, prehistoric

Coeval = contemporary


AM/AMI = FRIENDLY

Amity = friendship, harmony

X hostility

Amicable = friendly, cordial

Amiable = sociable, agreeable, affable,

likeable


Amenable =moldable, willing, acquiescent

X unwilling

Amateur = inexperience, layperson, unpaid, proletarian. Unskilled, part-time

X professional



APP/APT/EPT = SKILL, CORRECT

Appropriate = apt, suitable, correct, apposite

X inappropriate

Adept = expert, skillful, proficient, adroit,

clever

Ineptitude = incompetence, uselessness,



Clumsiness

X expertise



AQUA = WATER
ARBOR = TREE
AGRI = FIELD

Agronomy = The application of soil and plant

sciences to land management and

crop production


APPELLO = TO CALL

Appellation = designation, term, title


ARM = WEAPON

Armory = weapon store, arsenal, munitions

Store

Armistice = peace agreement, ceasefire,



truce, settlement, resolution
ATH = PRAISE

Athletics = games, training, P.E


AVI = BIRD

Aviary = place where birds are kept

Apiary = place where bees are kept
BIO = LIFE

Biology
BIBLIO = BOOK

Bibliophile = one who loves books

Bibliography = A list of writings with time and

place of publication
BURS =PURSE

Bursar = The treasurer at a college or

University

Bursary = scholarship, grant, money,

subsidy, endowment
BREV = BRIEF

Abbreviate = shorten

Brevity = shortness, briefness, conciseness,

concision, pithiness

Breve = A diacritical mark (u-curved) placed

over a vowel to indicate a short sound



BEN/BON = GOOD

Benevolent = kind, caring, compassionate,

generous, munificent, benign

Bona fide = faithful, Made or carried out in good faith; sincere, authentic, genuine


CAP/CAPT = HEAD

Captain = leader

Decapitate = guillotine, behead, execute
CORD = HEART

Cordial = related to heart


CARN = FLESH

Carnivorous = eating flesh

Reincarnation = re-embodiment, rebirth,

Recreation


CAD/CAS/CIS
CELE = SPEED

Celerity = A rate that is rapid


CEDE/CESS = YIELD

Cessation = termination, stop, close, end


CENT = HUNDRED
CLUS/CLUD/CLUT/CLOT = CLOSE
CHROM = COLOR

Chromatic = related to color

Achromatic = without any color

Achromatism = colorblindness


Chron = time

Chronic = remitting

Chronicle = report of events

Anachronism = happening at different time


Cide = kill

Patricide, Matricide, Fratricide, Sororicide

Sericide, Anicide, Amicicide

Hospiticide, Autocide

Genocide

Homicide


Prolicide

Infanticide

Aborticide

Matriticide

Uxoricide

Verbicide = misuse of words




Circum = around

Circumspect = cautious, prudent, shrewd, judicious

X impulsive, precipitating

Circumambulate = walk around

Circumvent = to avoid, bypass, prevent, occlude, preclude, forestall, dodge,

Evade


Circumscribe = to limit, to draw a line around, demarcate

Circumventilate = to provide ventilation throughout

Circumnavigate = to sail around the world
Cita = call

Incite = provoke, foment, incense, instigate

Excite = become active, make active
Claim/clam = shout

Acclaim = to shout in praise

Hosanna = shout in praise of God

Clamorous = vociferous, boisterous, noisy


Clin/clib = climb

Acclivity = upward slope

Declivity = downward slope

Proclivity = penchant, propensity, inclination, bent, prejudice,

X dislike, aversion, repulsion, repugnance
Clud/clus = close

Seclude = separate, sequester, quarantine

X include, join, add, mix, blend, amalgamate, merge

Claustrophobia = fear of closed places


Cogn = know

Recognize = recollect

Incognito = in secrecy

Cognomen= a surname or nickname

Autonym

Surname


Nickname

Petname


Pseudonym

Penname = nom-de-plume

Patronym

Matronym
Contra = opposite, against



Corp = body

Cosmo = universe

Crac/crat = rule

Cred = belief
Clup = blame

Culprit


Inculpate = to blame

X exculpate, exonerate

Liberate = free from slavery

Emancipate = free from poverty

Unshackle = free from chains
De = away, down, apart, from
DEMOS = PEOPLE

Epidemic = short time and affects few people

Pandemic = world wide, plague, deadly disease

Endemic = widespread, prevalent

Democracy = rule by people, egalitarianism, equality, classlessness
DENT/DONT = TEETH

Dentist = dental practitioner

Orthodontist = A dentist specializing in the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth

Dentures = artificial teeth


Dia/Die/Diurn = day

Diurnal = daily, day time

X nocturnal

Curator = guardian, caretaker, warden, keeper

Embalm = preserving dead bodies, preserve, mummify, wrap up, protect, fix, enclose

Sine die = Without a day specified for a future meeting; indefinitely

Quotidian = everyday
DIA = THROUGH

Diaphanous = allow light to pass through, sheer, gossamer, thin, filmy

Diatribe = severe criticism, attack, tirade, invective, denunciation, harangue, criticism

Declamation = harangue, tirade


DOC = TEACH

Docile = obedient, tame, unassuming, compliant, submissive, meek

Doctrinaire = rigid, stern, inflexible, unyielding, strict, dogmatic, unbending

X liberal


Doctrine = belief, rule, principle, tenet, canon, dogma

Jingoist = war lover, loyalist, nationalist, partisan, compatriot, flag-waver

X turncoat

Zealot = over enthusiastic, fanatic, aficionado, advocate, devotee, believer, supporter
DOL = SORROW, PITY

Doleful = mournful, sad, sullen, unhappy, depressed, dejected, crest, fallen, saturnine, elegiac, miserable, woeful, down in the dumps

Elegy = a poem written in memory of dead

Dirge = a funeral song, a slow sad music, requiem, funeral hymn, lament, chant, sad song, elegy

Condolence = sympathy, commiseration, pity, comfort, concern

Empathize = identify with, understand, sympathize, have compassion

Indolent = lazy, lethargic, torpid, languid, idle, sluggish, slothful, apathetic

X industrious


DUC/DUCT = LEAD

Induce = influence, compel, instigate, persuade, encourage, tempt, provoke, stimulate

Seduce = corrupt

Seductive = Tending to entice into a desired action or state

Ductile = capable of begin drawn into wires, malleable, yielding, squashy, spongy, supple, pliable, elastic, flexible

Induct = introduce, incorporate, bring in, inaugurate, instruct, train, educate

Conduct = behavior, demeanor, mien, manner, deportment, carriage, appearances,

Viaduct = arch structure built over a valley, suspension bridge, overpass

Aqueduct = water bridge, channel, conduit, canal, bridge

Abduct = kidnap, to take away from, snatch, seize, make off with

X Adduct

EGO = SELF

Egocentric = selfish, self-centered, insensitive, inconsiderate

X altruistic

Egomania = An intense and irresistible love for yourself and concern for your own needs

Egoist = A self-centered person with little regard for others

Egotist = A conceited and self-centered person


EN/EM = IN, INTO

Entice = lure, allure, tempt, inveigle, attract, beguile, charm, persuade

Encumber = burden, impede, obstruct, hinder, hamper, weigh down

Endemic = localized to an area, chronic, widespread, prevalent, common, rife

Ensconce = to settle comfortably, entrench, install, establish

Enthrall = mesmerize, captivate, hole in a spell, spell bind, charm, enchant, engross, fascinate, beguile, rivet

Besiege = surround, overwhelm, encircle, blockade, seige

Embellish = adorn, beautify, decorate, embroider, exaggerate, emboss, make elegant, make fancy

Embroider = spice up a story, sew, stitch, decorate, adorn, detail, embellish

Embezzle = misuse, misappropriate, steal, commit fraud, cheat

Mulct = swindle, cheat

Milk = exploit, extract, cash in on, profit from, take advantage of, get the most out of


ERR = WANDER

Err = liable to make mistake, blunder, slip up, go astray

Erratic = unpredictable, variable, unreliable, inconsistent, irregular, changeable,

X consistent

Errant = lead astray, delinquent, mischievous, wayward, sinful, naughty, misbehaving, delinquent

Astigmatism = an aberration in eye




EU = GOOD

Eulogy = praise, commendation, adulation, acclamation, encomium, panegyric, extolment, exaltation

Euthanasia = mercy killing

Euphemism = An inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive

Euphonious = pleasant, melodious, honeyed

X cacophonous


FAL/FALS = DECEIVE

Falsify = tamper, fake, force, rig, fix, lie, misrepresent, fabricate

Fallacy = wrong notion, misleading notion, erroneous belief, myth

Infallible = fool proof, perfect, watertight, reliable, dependable, fail-safe, surefire, flawless


FERV = TO BOIL

Fervent = enthusiastic, eager, ardent, keen, avid, passionate, zealous, fanatical

Effervescent = bubbling, enthusiastic, lively, ebullient, vivacious, fizzy, sparkling, vibrant, bouncy
FID = FAITH, TRUST

Fidelity = faithfulness, conformity, loyalty, dependability, reliability, trustworthiness, commitment

X infidelity

Confident = having faith, sure, certain, positive, convinced, secured, in no doubt, self-assured

X diffident, hesitant, insecure

Confidant = close friend, intimate, sounding board

Perfidy = very disloyal, treachery, deceitful, cheat, duplicity, betrayal, lying

X honesty


FLU/FLUX = FLOW

Affluent = wealth, rich, well off, prosperous, comfortable, well heeled

X poor

Glib talk = salesman talk, don’t have depth



Confluence = joining point, meeting point, convergence, join, union

X divergence

Influence = domination, power, pressure, sway, authority, weight, control, manipulate, persuade

Flux = moving constantly, fluctuation, change, unrest, instability

X rest

Influx = inflow, arrival in large numbers, arrival, invasion, incursion, flood, entry



Reflux = back flow
FORE = BEFORE

Forecast = predict, foretell, prognosticate, augur, estimate, calculate, project, nticipate, guess, conjecture

Forestall = prevent, obviate, preclude, avert, anticipate, jump in before, hinder, pre-empt,

Forewarning = premonition, foreboding, presentiment, feeling, hunch, omen, sign, potent


FRAG/FRAC = TO BREAK

Fracture = break, crack, rupture, splinter, breakage, fissure

X mend

Fragment = broken piece, section, part, bit, splinter, chip, scrap



Fragile = easily broken, delicate, brittle, flimsy, breakable, frail, weak

FUS = TO POUR

Infuse = to pour in, to introduce, instill, impart, inculcate, suffuse, pervade

Diffuse = spread away, verbose, disperse, disseminate, distribute, circulate, scatter, strew

X concentrate

Suffuse = to be filled with, over spread with, saturate, flood, permeate, imbue, steep
GEN = BIRTH

Congenital = present at birth, innate, inborn, hereditary, habitual

Genre = type, class, kind, sort, field, veriety, genus, species

Generation = production, making, invention (2) age group, age band, cohort, age bracket

Ingenious = innovative, clever, resourceful, original, inventive, creative, nifty, inspired, imaginative

Ingenuous = innocent, frank, honest, naïve, candid, simple, sincere, trusting

Genial = friendly, kind, generous, amiable, amicable, welcoming, hospitable, gracious, pleasant

Congenial = friendly, amiable, pleasant, good-natured


GRAD/GRESS

Gradient = slope, incline, ramp, hill, rise, pitch, grade, ascent

Degrade = belittle, humiliate, shame, disgrace, mortify, demean, debase, corrupt

X respect

Ingress = way in, entrance, access, doorway, door, opening

X exit


Transgress = to overstep, to sin, to crime, lapse, sing, contravene misbehave, infringe, disobey, go astray

Digress = deviate, divert, wander, ramble, stray


GRAPH/GRAM = TO WRITE

Epigram = short witty remark, clever remark, quipped, witticism, saying, axiom, ditty, rhyme

Epitaph = inscription on tomb stone

Bibliography = A list of writings with time and place of publication (such as the writings of a single author or the works referred to in preparing a document etc.)


GRAT = TO PLEASE

Gratitude = pleased, obliged, thankfulness, appreciation, gratefulness

Grateful = thankful, appreciative, obliged, indebted, welcoming

X ungrateful

Gratify = satisfy, please, fulfill, indulge, oblige, humor, delight, enchant

Gratuity = money paid at retirement, privilege, perquisite, perk, freebie, bonus, benefit, extra, advantage

Gratis = free, complementary, free of charge

Gratuitous =unwarranted, officious, nosy, meddlesome, interfere, uncalled for, wanton, unjustified, unnecessary, unreasonable, needless, superfluous



GRAV/GRIEV = HEAVY

Grave = serious, sad, solemn, severe, momentous, crucial, critcal, important

Grieve = feel great sorrow, mourn, distress, suffer

Grievance = complaint, accusation, criticism, objection, grumble, moan, injustice

Redress = correct, restore, leave out, equalize, right, rectify, remedy

Aggrieved = suffered, hurt, angry, upset, distressed, put out, pained, wounded

Culpable = blame worthy, guilty, responsible, liable

X innocent

Aggravate = worsen, increase, exacerbate, intensity, exaggerate, magnify

X alleviate


GREG = FLOCK, TOGETHER

Egregious = outstanding bad, flagrant

Gregarious = outgoing, sociable, extroverted, expressive, expansive, companionable, unreserved

Segregate = separate, isolate

X integrate

Aggregate = group, collective, cumulative, combined, amassed, summative, comprehensive



HELIO = SUN

Heliotrope =??????


INTER = BETWEEN, AMONG

Intern = doctor, surgeon, assistant doctor

(2) to imprison, to jail

Internee = an imprisoned person, a prisoner

Inter = bury, inhume, entomb

X excavate, disinter, exhume

Interim = in-between, meanwhile, for a time being

Interject = but in, speak in-between, exclaim, interpose, interpolate

Interloper = intruder, a trespasser

Imposter =

Intervene = to mediate, to come in between

INTRA = WITH IN

Intra-uterine = Within the womb, pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy = Pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus

Mural = wall painting, fresco, frieze

Canvas = painting, picture, work of art

Intramural = Carried on within the bounds of an institution or community, restricted


IT/ITER = ROAD, JOURNEY

Transit = journey, passage from place to place, transport

Transitory = temporary, short lived, ephemeral, partly, transient

Itinerary = plan of journey, travel plan, agenda

Itinerant = wandering, roaming, rambling, moving around, peripatetic

Reiterate = to state again, retell, recapitulate


JECT/JET = THROW

Projectile = missile, any object thrown

Trajectory = path/course taken by projectile

Conjecture = guess, surmise

Dejected = sad, depressed, disconsolate

Inject = to throw in

Eject = sent out

Reject = Refuse, snub

Object = protest, aim

Subject = topic, ruled over, dependent on

Jettison = to throw away, abandon

Jetsam = object that are thrown away


JUNCT/JUG = DAY

Journal = periodical

Journey = travel

Sojourn = a short stay

Adjourn = postpone

JUD/JUS = LAW

Judicious = sensible, prudent

Adjudicator = judge, arbitrator, evaluator, one who settles disputes

Abjure = renounce, to give up, disavow

Exchange vows = get married

Adjure = advise, command, urge strongly

Perjure = false oath, false testimonial

Conjure = to make appear and disappear

Injure = to harm someone

Jurisdiction = the right to do justice, control

Jury = to swear, impartial, fair, not biased

Jurisprudence = study of law

Just = fair

Justice = fairness


JUNCT/JUG = JOIN

Junction = meeting place

Conjunction = word joining two clauses/phrases/sentences

Injection = rule, command

Adjunct = something added, something not essential

Conjugal bliss = pertaining to marriage, connubial, matrimonial

Nubile = a marriageable woman
LAB = WORK

Laborious = back-breaking, very hard

Painstaking = meticulous

Laboratory = the place of work

Collaborate = work together, cooperate

Elaborate = explain, exemplify, detailed


LAPS = SLIP

Lapse = small mistake, become void/invalid

Elapsed = passed by

Relapse = come again, recurrence

Prolapsed = to come out, to project, forward slip

Collapse = fall down, cave-in, crumbled


LAT =SIDE

Quadrilateral = four sided figure

Lateral = pertaining to side

Unilateral = one side

X bilateral, two sided

Collateral = guarantee, security, happening side by side, concomitant


LAV/LAU/LU = TO WASH

Ablutions = ritual washings, pertaining to religion

Antediluvian = very old, ancient, prehistoric

Dilude


Laundry

Laved off = washed off

Lavish = one who spends like water, liberal, spendthrift


LEG/LECT/LEX = TO READ TO SPEACK

Legend = story, collection of stories, a great person

Illegible = scribble, scrawl

Requiem = elegy, mournful peace of song

Paean = a happy song

X dirge, criticism

Lectern = podium, a reading desk

Lecture = summon, moralizing talk, harangue

Lexicons = dictionary

Lexicographer = dictionary composer

Lexicon = ones vocabulary
LEG = LAW

Legislature

Illicit

Delegate = representative, distributed, assigned


LECT = CHOOSE, GATHER

Collect


Elect

Select
LEV = LIGHT, TO RAISE

Alleviate = lessen, appease, soothe

Levitate = raise, to make float in air

Levy = embankment

Leverage = a stepping stone, using something to ones advantage

Livery
LIBER = FREE

Liberty = freedom, independence

Liberate = unchain, unshackle, manumit, emancipate

Liber =broad minded

X insular, parochial, narrow minded
LIBRA = BOOK

Libretto = text of the opera, lyrics of opera

Opera = a musical drama

Librettist =


LIG/LI = TO BIND

Ligament = connective tissue, that binds two bones

Ligand = An atom or molecule or radical or ion that forms a complex around a central atom
Align

Alliance = tie up, relation of mutual benefit

Ally = friend, collaborator, supporter

Alley = a narrow lane, a narrow passage

Aisle

Obliged = compelled, forced


LING/LINGU = LANGUAGE, TONGUE

Lingual = under the tongue, pertaining to language, pertaining to speak

Sublingual = below the tongue

Lingo = a dialect

Linguistics = study of language

Polyglot = one who can speck many languages

Litter = man of litter, a scholarly person

Glitterati = collection of stars of movie field

Literati = collection of starts of literary field
LOC/LOQ = SPEAK

Circumlocutions = round about way of saying something

Elocution

Colloquial = informal, accepted in speaking but not in written

Loquacious = garrulous

Soliloquy = speaking to oneself

Eulogy = praise

Cogency = logical soundness of argument

Diction = the way of pronunciation

Slang = not accepted in speech and writing

Monologue = soliloquy

Epilogue = concluding part of novel


LOP = JUMP

Lope = jog

Elope = run away

Gallop = the fastest travel of horse

Amble = the slowest travel of horse
LUC/LUM/LUS = SHINE, LIGHT

Lucid = transparent, easy to understand, logical, rational, cogent, coherent, simple, shiny, lustrous

Pellucid = transparently clear; easily understandable, lucid, perspicuous

Diaphanous = see-through, cobwebby

Translucent = semi-transparent, lucid

Elucidate = explain, simplify, make understand, make clear, reveal, illuminate, exemplify, explicate, expound

Lacunae = holes, gap, slip, break, blanks

Illuminate = lighted, decorated, explain, exemplify, enlighten, elucidate, clarify, shed light on

X darken

Illustrate = explain, exemplify, demonstrate, show, point up


LUD/LUS = TO PLAY

Ludicrous = absurd, foolish, funny, ridiculous, preposterous, comical, nonsensical, farcical, stupid

Allude = to refer indirectly

Illusory = imaginary, unreal, deceptive, false, misleading, illusive, not real, erroneous

X real

Mirage = optical illusion, hallucination, delusion, fantasy



Delusion = figment of imagination, false notion
LUNA = MOON

Lunar = related to moon

Lunatic = outrageous, madcap, foolish, crazy, mad, harebrained

X sensible

Translunar = anything beyond moons orbit,

Unworldly or ethereal


MACRO = BIG, LARGE

Macroscopic = large

Macrobiotics = The theory of promoting health and longevity by means of diet, dietetics

Macrocosm = universe, world

Microcosm = a small representation of world, miniature of model of something
Magn/Maj/Mas/Max = great

Magnum opus = A great work of art, a great effort

Magniloquent = using pompous language, grandiloquent, lofty in style

Magnanimous =great, benevolent, generous, noble, high-minded, titled

Magnificent = great, grand, grandeur, superb, wonderful, glorious, splendid, outstanding, superlative, brilliant, bravura
Magnify = make larger, blow up, heighten, enlarge, expand, amplify, increase

X shrink


Majestic = regal, royal, grand, stately, grandiose, imposing, splendid

Master = expert, having command over something

Maximum = utmost, great, highest
MAL = BAD

Malevolent = malignant, characterized by ill will, malicious, vicious, spiteful, wicked, nasty, mean

Malignant = characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor), evil, cruel

Maligner = pretend to be sick, One who attacks the reputation of another by slander or libel

Malaria = bad air

Malice = hatred, spiteful, malevolence, meanness, wickedness, cruelty, nastiness


MAN = HAND

Manuscript = written by hand or typed, original document

Manumit = free, emancipate, let go, unshackle

Manifest = Provide evidence for; stand as proof of , to appear as, to be seen as, cargo list, obvious, patent, clear, evident, noticeable

Manifesto = policy, program, public declaration, proposal

Manicure = Professional care for the hands and fingernails

Sine qua non = an indispensable person, prerequisite, an essential element or condition

Maneuver = anything done by skill or cunningness, manipulate, plan, trick, scheme, tactic, contrive, exercise

Specter = a haunting prospect, phantom, ghost, apparition, spirit, presence, vision
MAND = ORDER

Mandate = opinion through vote, ordered, command, permission, authorization


Countermand = cancel, rescind, revoke, reverse, stop

Commandeer = take over any resource for military use, seize, hijack, requisition, grab, confiscate, annex

Reprimand = to scold, admonish, warning, chastise
MARI = SEA
Marine = related to sea, nautical, aquatic, oceanic, maritime

Mariner = sailor, navigator

Submarine = undersea craft, (2) anything below the surface of sea, underwater

Maritime = anything found or living around the sea


MATR/MATRI/MATER = MOTHER

Matron = a women head, dignified woman

Matriarchal = woman ruling

Matrilineal = descent on mother side

Matricide = killing of mother

Maternity =motherhood, parenthood, motherliness

Alma meter = university from which one graduates

Alumnus = man or boy graduated from university

Alumni (plural)

Alumna = woman of girl graduated from university

Alumnae (plural)
MED/MEDI = MIDDLE

Meddle = interfere, mess about, tamper, intrude, intervene, but in

X disregard

Mettle = courage, spirit, strength of character, bravery, guts, grit

Mediate = intervene, conciliate, arbitrate, intercede, reconcile

X provoke

Liaison = a person arbitrates between two groups, link, connection, cooperation, contact, relationship, association

Arbitrator = umpire, referee, judge, conciliator, negotiator, mediator, authority, arbiter

Medium = intermediate substance, middle, average, standard, means

X large, small




MERG/MERS = TO PLUNGE, DIP

Merge = combine, amalgamate, fuse, join, unite, come together

Merger = amalgamation, union, combination, joining, unification

X separation

Submerge = plunge into water, immerse in water, sink, inundate, flood, dip, plunge, soak

Immersed = engrossed, lost, wrapped up, absorbed


MENT = MIND

Demented = insane, crazy, mad, disturbed, wild, frantic, frenzied, uncontrolled, maniac

X calm

Memento = souvenir, a reminder of past events, keepsake, token



Mental = related to mind, cerebral, psychological, rational, thought, intellectual

X physical

Mentality = attitude, outlook, state of mind, frame of mind, approach, way of thinking, mindset
MEM/MIN/AMNE/MNEM = TO REMEMBER

Mnemonic = anything that helps to remember

Amnesia = loss of memory, forgetfulness, a total blank

Amnesty = general pardon, official pardon, reprieve, forgiveness

Reminisce = remember something in past, recall, talk about, muse over, recollect, evoke, bring to mind

Memorabilia = anything that helps you remember a place


MENS/METER = MEASUREMENT

Mensuration = measurement

Immense = not measurable, huge, mammoth, gigantic, enormous, massive, giant, colossal

Commensurate = proportionate, equivalent, corresponding, adequate, appropriate, matching

X disproportionate

MIL = SOLDIER

Military = armed forces, martial, services, forces

Militant = rebel, unsubmissive person, confrontational, aggressive, radical, revolutionary, belligerent, activist, combative, rebellious

Militate = to have an effect against

Militia = army, trained civilians, private army, mercenaries
MICRO = SMALL

MIGR = TO MOVE

Migrate = travel, journey, wander, drift, roam, transfer, voyage

Emigrate = leave your country, move abroad, go into exile, live elsewhere

Immigrate = into country

Émigré = emigrant, exile, expatriate
MIM = COPY

Mimeograph = apparatus helps in making copies

Mimic = imitate, copy, ape, impersonate, impressionist, imitator

Mime = signs or facial expression, parody, mimic, mirror, imitate, represent


MIS = HATE

Misanthrope = one who hates mankind

Mishap = unfortunate event, catastrophe, disaster, calamity, accident, misfortune

Misfire = failure, go wrong, backfire, miscarry, fall flat

X succeed
MISER = WRETCHED

Miser = parsimonious, skinflint, squirrel, magpie, stingy, scrooge, scrimp, stasher

Miserable = very sad, gloomy, unhappy, depressed, dejected, despondent wretched, fed-up

Misery = sadness, gloomy, despair, desolation, depression, melancholy, wretchedness

Measly = insignificant, inadequate, small

(2) miserable

(3) suffering from measles

Commiserate = sympathize, pity, empathize, show compassion, offer condolences, console




MISS/MIT = SEND

Missile = projectile, arrow, shot, bullet, dart, rocket

Emissary = representative, messenger, ambassador, agent, envoy

Missive = letter, note, memo, epistle, notification, memorandum, communiqué

Missionary = disciple, follower, messenger

Transmit = broadcast, convey, spread



MNES/MNEM = MEMORY

Amnesia = loss of memory, forgetfulness, total blank

Mnemonic = aiding the memory

Amnesty = general pardon, official pardon,

reprieve, forgiveness
MOLL = SOFT

Mollify = soften, soothe, mitigate, allay, assuage, pacify, appease, placate, calm

X enrage

Emollient = cream, ointment, a cream used to soften the skin

Mollusk = Invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
MON = WARN

Admonish = warn, caution, rebuke, caution, reprove, reprimand, reproach

Premonition = forewarning, presentiment, feeling, intuition, hunch, omen, sign

Monitor = check, (2) leader (3) device


MONO = ONE

Monologue = speech you make to yourself,

soliloquy

Monolith = made of single stone

Monogram = A graphic symbol consisting of 2 or more letters combined (usually your initials); printed on stationery or embroidered on clothing

Monocle = A single eye glass

Monomania = A mania restricted to one thing or idea

Monopoly = control, domination, cartel

Monotheism = belief in single God

Monotony = boredom, repetitiveness, tedium, dullness, uniformity, ennui

X variation

Monochrome = neutral, colorless, dull, indistinct, indeterminate, toneless



MOR/MORI/MORT = DEATH

Morbid = ghastly, gruesome, bloody, sickly, macabre, horrid, morose, gloomy, dark, sinister, melancholic

X cheerful

Amortize = repay, pay back/off, clear the debt gradually

Moribund = dying, declining, waning, dilapidated, on its last legs

Mortify = degrade, humiliate, debase, demean, harass, belittle, embarrass,

shame
MORPH = SHAPE

Amorphous = formless, shapeless, nebulous, vague, hazy, unstructured

X defined

Morpheus = the god of sleep and dreams

Metamorphosis = transmutation, change, alteration, transformation

Polymorphous = multi-shaped


NAT/NAS/NATE = BIRTH

Natal = related to birth, biological, natural

Prenatal = occurring or existing before birth

Neonatal = Relating to or affecting the infant during the first month after birth

Nascent = early, newborn, budding, embryonic, emerging, blossoming, burgeoning

Innate = inborn, native, natural, instinctive, inherent, intrinsic

Renascent = Surging or sweeping back again, resurgent, rebirth

Native = indigenous, local


NEG = NOT, DENY

Abnegate = renounce, to give up, deny, surrender, relinquish

Negation = oppose, cancel, denial, repudiate

Annul = cancel, rescind, call off, withdraw, terminate, dissolve

Renege = break a promise, break your word, deny a statement

Renegade = traitor, rebel, turncoat, betrayer, defector, deserter, seditious


NIHIL = DESTROY

Annihilate = catastrophe, calamity, apocalypse, carnage, decimate, genocide, holocaust

Nihilism = rejection of religious principles,
NEO/NOV = NEW

Neologism = A newly invented word or phrase, The act of inventing a word or phrase, coinage, neology

Neophyte = novice, beginner, acolyte, proselyte, incipient, inchoate, amateur, apprentice, trainee

Novel = new, fresh, original, (2) book

Innovative = ground-breaking, inventive, creative

Renovate = modernize, refurbish, revamp, repair, restore

Novitiate = The period during which you are a novice (especially in a religious order)
NOM/NYM/NOMEN = NAME
Nominal = insignificant, name sake, supposed, ostensible, so-called, titular

Anonymous = nameless, unidentified, mysterious

Autonomous = independent, self-sufficient,

self-governing, self-directed, sovereign

Nominate = propose, suggest, put forward, recommend, elect

Cognomen = nickname, surname, sobriquet

Pseudonym = alias, assumed name, pen name, nom de plume

Nomenclature = classification, taxonomy, arrangement, catalog, organization

Ramification = consequence, result, implication
NOC/NIC/NOX/NEC = HARM

Innocuous = inoffensive, harmless, innocent, safe, mild, bland

X offensive

Pernicious = destructive, harmful, deadly, evil, insidious, malicious, spiteful,

malignant

X harmless


Obnoxious = loathsome, harmful, hateful,

Horrible, insufferable, detestable

Internecine = mutually destructive


NECRO = DEATH/NIGHT

Necromancy = speaking to spirits


OB = AGAINST

Obstruct = hinder, thwart, impede, stymie, hamper, barricade

Obfuscate = confuse, conceal, disguise, complicate

X clarify

Obsequious = inveigle, flattering, book licking, toadying, submissive, sycophantic, fawning

Obdurate = stubborn, obstinate, pig-headed, mulish, refractory, recalcitrant, intransigent, adamant, obstreperous


OMNI = ALL

Omnipresent = ubiquitous, all-pervading, universal

Omnipotent = all-powerful, invincible, supreme, unstoppable

X powerless

Omniscient = Infinitely wise

Omnivorous = An animal that feeds on both animal and vegetable substances


ONER = BURDEN

Onerous = burdensome, arduous, difficult, tedious, time-consuming

X easy

Exonerate = forgive, free from burden, clear,



Absolve, acquit, vindicate

Exculpate = free from blame

Onus = responsibility, burden, obligation, duty
PATH = FEELING, EMOTION

Apathy = indifference, lack of interest, lack of concern, lethargy, laziness, boredom, ennui, nonchalant, callous, passive, impassive

Sympathy = understanding, compassion, kindness, consideration, commiseration, pity

X incomprehension

Pathetic = dismal, sad, wretched, pitiable, feeble

X strong


Pathos = sorrow, misery, grief, suffering, tragedy, bathos
PER = THROUGH

Perspicuity = lucidity, fluency, clarity, articulacy, articulateness, eloquence, self-expression

Pernicious = destructive, harmful, deadly, malicious

Perturbation = disturbance, tumultuous, turmoil, turbulent

Perfunctory = mechanical, superficial

X thoughtful

Perennial = recurrent, continuing, constant, permanent, perpetual

Perjury = false testimony, lying under oath,

false swearing
PETR = ROCK

Petrify = turn into stone, frighten, fossilize, terrify



PHIL = LOVE

PHOP = FEAR

PHOR = CARRY

Euphoria = extreme happiness, elation,

jubilation, ecstasy, joy, excitement,

exhilaration, rapture

X despair
PEC = MONEY

Pecuniary = monetary, financial, fiscal, economical

Impecunious = impoverish, destitute, indigent, penniless, needy, poor

X well-off

Peculation = misuse of funds, defalcation, embezzlement, pilfer, swindler
PLAC/PAC = PEACE, CALM

Placate = pacify, mollify, soothe, assuage, appease, allay, conciliate, calm down,

X enrage

Implacable = ruthless, turbulent, callous, pitiless, merciless, relentless, cruel, heard-hearted, cold-hearted

Pacific = peace, calm, unruffled, undisturbed, halcyon

X warmonger, bellicose, belligerent, contentious, pugnacious

Complacent = satisfied, smug, contented, unworried, self-righteous

X anxious

Complaisant = Showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others, obliging, yielding

Accomplice = partner in crime, abettor, assistant, accessory, co-conspirator, collaborator

Pact = deal, treaty
PLE = MANY , FULL

Plenty = abundant, Prolific, copious, surfeit, glut, luxuriant, plentitude, plethora, surplus, superfluity

Replete = full, sated, slake, satisfied, stuffed, abounding, complete

X deplete, empty, dearth, scarcity, want, need, hungry

Replenish = refill, reload, restock, fill

X deplete

Plenary = assembly, Full in all respects

Plenipotentiary = A diplomat who is fully authorized to represent his or her government, diplomat, ambassador

Plentitude = abundance

Plenum = enclosure, an enclosed space in which the air pressure is higher than outside

Pleonasm = using more words than necessary, verbose
PON/POS = PLACE, PUT

Proponent = supporter, exponent

X opponent, adversary

Posit = hypothesize, conjecture, guess, surmise, imagine, conceive, speculate

Interpose = place in-between, intrude, meddle, interfere, interject, but in, punctuate

Depose = remove, throw out, unseat, overthrow

Postpone = defer, procrastinate, delay, reschedule, adjourn, suspend, rearrange, push off

Juxtapose = put adjacent to, put beside, put together, contrast

X distance

Posse = A temporary police force, group, gang, band, mob


PORT = CARRY

Portable = moveable, transportable, manageable, transferable, handy, convenient

X fixed

Deport = expel, exile, extradite, banish, expatriate



Deportment = manner, posture, demeanor, behavior, carriage
PRE = BEFORE

Premonition = forewarning

Predilection = bias, prejudice, opinionated, chauvinism, bigotry, predisposition, partiality, fondness, penchant

Prepossessing = attractive, alluring, handsome, comely, pleasant, beautiful eye-catching, good-looking

Prescient = having knowledge before hand, prognosticate, cognizant, psychic, perceptive, clairvoyant, discerning
Preamble = foreword, prologue, introduction, preface

X epilogue, conclusion

Precocious = intelligent, bright, gifted, talented, prodigious
PRI/PRIM = FIRST

Pristine = pure, original, spotless, immaculate, perfect, unspoiled, untouched

Prime = major, principal, main, key, chief

Primal = ancient, primitive, very old, archaic, primeval, primordial


PRO = BEFORE

Proclivity = penchant, inclination, affinity, bent, propensity, tendency, appetite, liking

Profanity = blasphemy, irreverence, oath, vulgarity, curse, sacrilege

Progeny = offspring, young, descendents, child, successor

X ancestor, predecessor, progenitor

Proscribe = ban, forbid, exclude, ostracize

X include, prescribe, recommend
PRO = A LOT

Profound = deep, thoughtful, insightful, reflective, weighty, philosophical, intense, esoteric, abstruse

X superficial

Prolific = abundance, exuberant, plentiful, profuse


PRO = IN FAVOR OF

Proponent = supporter




PROB/PROV = PROVE

Approbation = agree, approval, accord, consent, admiration, praise

X remonstration, discord, disagreement, disapproval

Probe = investigate, search, explore, survey

Probity = honesty, goodness, decency, integrity, virtue
PROTO = FIRST

Prototype = archetype, example, sample, model, trail product, first of its kind

Protocol = procedure, etiquette, practice, code of behavior, set of rules, modus operandi

Protagonist = central character, leading role


POT = DRINK

Potable = drinkable, clean, filtered

Potion = liquid remedy, medicine, drug, tonic, syrup, concoction, brew, panacea
POT = POWER

Potent = powerful, strong, effective, forceful, compelling, persuasive

Omnipotent = almighty, supreme, invincible

Potentate = monarch, sovereign, emperor, royal leader, emperor, ruler


PAN = ALL

Panorama = vista, view, landscape, scenery

Panacea = cure-all, magic potion

Pandemonium = chaos, mayhem, commotion, hullabaloo, bedlam

X peace, calm

Pandemic = wide spread, epidemic, plague

Panegyric = praise, laud, applaud, encomium, extol, eulogy, ovation

Pantheism = belief in all gods

Pan = criticize severely, saucepan, disparage
QUER/QUIS/QUER = QUESTION

Querulous = complaining, crib, disagreeable, peevish, fretful, tetchy, petulant, irritable

Inquisitive = curious, interested, interfering

Acquiesce = without question, agree, accept, consent, comply, concur, accord

Inquest = investigate, post-mortem

QUIE = CALM

Quiescent = calm, placid, pacific, tranquil, dormant, serene, sluggish, inert

X turbulent, active

Requiem = funeral song, condolence, lament, dirge, elegy, chant, funeral hymn


QUINT =

Quintessence = important, epitome, embodiment, personification, perfect example, paragon


RECT = STRAIGHT

Rectitude = honest, straight forward, morality, goodness, decency, correctness, integrity

X immorality

Rectify = correct, fix, remedy, cure, repair

Erect = upright, straight, vertical rigid, raise

X prone
REG/REC = KING, RULE

Regicide = the act of killing a king

Insurrection = uprising, mutiny, going against rule, revolt, rebellion, civil disobedience

Regent = temporary ruler

Interregnum = the time between two reigns, interim, lag


RETRO = BACKWARD

Retrograde = going backward, regress, retrogress

X forward-looking

Retrospect = contemplation of things past, looking-back, remember, review


RID/RIS = LAUGH, MOCK

Deride = make fun of, ridicule, scoff, sneer, put down, mock, scorn, disdain

X cheer, encourage

Derision = contempt, ridicule

X approval

Ridiculous = ludicrous, preposterous, absurd, silly, outlandish, awkward, outrageous, bizarre, unreasonable

Risible = Arousing or provoking laughter, amusing, mirthful

Facetious = cleverly amusing in tone, teasing, touch in cheek, bantering


RABOR = STRENGTH

Corroboration = validation, legalization, justification, conformation, rational, support, strengthening, substantiation


ROD/ROS = TO KEEP BITING

Erode = wear away, grind down

Corrode = rust, decay, crumble, flake, wear away, oxidize
ROGA/ROGAT = ASK

Interrogate =questioning, interview, cross- examine, grill

Derogatory = disparaging, critical, insulting, offensive, belittling, deprecating

X complimentary

Arrogate = claim, ascribe, assign, usurp, take over

Abrogate = annul, rescind, cancel, abolish, get rid of

Prerogative = privilege, right, due, sanction, choice

ROTA = WHEEL, ROUND

Rotund = round, plump, stout, fat, corpulent, curved


RUD = ROUGH

Crude = basic, rudimentary, simple, rough, makeshift, unfinished, unsophisticated

Rudimentary = basic, elementary, simple, undeveloped

Rude = boorish, vulgar, foul, impolite, uncouth, bucolic, savage, rustic, rugged

X gentle, suave, urbane

Ruddy = reddish, very healthy, florid, rubicund, rosy, healthy-looking, glowing, flushed

Erudite = scholarly, learned, well-educated, intellectual
RUPT = BREAK

Interrupt = disrupt, but in, barge in

Disrupt = upset, disorder, dislocate

Bankrupt = broke, insolvent, penniless, ruined, bust, destroy

X solvent, affluent, opulent
Sacra/Sanct = holy, sacred
Sacrosanct = very holy, revered, untouchable, sacred

Sacrilege = blasphemy, irreverence, disrespect, profanity

Sacrament = reparation, solution, atonement, self-punishment, forfeit, apology

Consecrate = sanctify, make holy, bless, set apart

X desecrate

Sanctimonious = pious, smug, false show, self-righteous, holier-than-thou


SAN = HEALTHY, SOUND HEALTH

Sane = rational, sensible, reasonable, sound, normal, wise, commonsensical

X irrational

Sanatorium = health resort, hospice, infirmary


SAT/SATIS = ENOUGH

Satiate = satisfy, quench, sate, slake

Saturate = over supply, inundate, flood, drench, wet through, soak

X dry out


Insatiate = voracious, gluttonous, ravenous, unappeasable, avid
SCEND/SCEN = CLIMB

Transcend = raise above, go beyond, surpass, outdo

X trail

Condescend = haughty



X respect
SCIEN/SCI = TO KNOW

Prescient = know before hand, clairvoyant, perceptive, discerning, harbinger, augur, precursor, presage, prognosticate

Sciolist = pretender of knowledge

Countenance = face, tolerate, stand for, allow, approve of


SCRIBE/SCRIP/SCRIVE = WRITE

Prescribe = recommend, stipulate, order, set, fix, advise

Proscribe = ban, ostracize, bar, forbid, exclude, disallow

Scrivener = writer of bills, copyist, scribe

Inscribe = engrave, write on metal, carve, etch, cut, mark

Transcribe = copy out, record, transliterate

Manuscript = hand written typed

Circumscribe = limit, confine, restrict, demarcate, delineate, define


SE = APART, AWAY

Segregate = separate, isolate

X integrate

Sedition = incitement to rebellion, agitation, treason, subversion, rabble-rousing, troublemaking

Sequester = separate, confiscate, impound, requisition

X restore

Sunder = Break apart or in two, using violence; fragment, separate

Subversion = sedition, rebellion, treason, insurrection


SEC/SECT = CUT

Sectarian = separatist

Insect = bug, pest

Intersect = go through, traverse

Bisect = cut into two

Dissect = analyze, scrutinize, break apart


SED/SID/SESS = SIT, SETTLE

Sedentary = inactive, sitting, deskbound

X active

Residue = remains, dregs

Sedate = serene, demure, cool, calm, anesthetize, tranquilize, dignified

Sedative = tranquilizer, narcotic, soporific, downer, soothing

X stimulating

Stoic = Seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain

Sediment = residue, remains, dregs, deposit

Assiduous = hardworking, diligent, preserving, industrious, tireless, constant

X lazy

Sedulous = Marked by care and persistent effort, assiduous



Insidious = sinister, dangerous, menacing, subtle
SEM = SEED, INITIAL

Seminal = influencing, shaping, decisive, determining

Dissemination = spreading, giving out, broadcasting, diffusion, propagation

SEN = OLD

Senile = old

Senescent = act of growing old
SENS/SENT = FEEL, THINK

Sentiment = feeling, emotion, response, reaction, attitude, opinion, outlook

Sentient = conscious, alert, attentive, awake, responsive

X unconscious

Sententious = terse, concise, aphorist, pithy

Resent = feel anger, dislike, hate, rail against, be offended by

Resentment = anger, bitterness, hatred, antipathy, offense, umbrage, bile

Assent = agree, acquiesce, concur, consent

X disagreement

Nonsense = garbage, baloney, twaddle, gobbledygook, claptrap, gibberish, drivel

Sensuous = aesthetic, luxurious, rich, opulent, sumptuous

Sensual = bodily, physical, corporeal


SEPT = DECAY

Septic = decay, decompose, putrefy, infected, diseased, festering, gangrenous

Septicemia = Invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection, blood-poisoning
SEQ/SEC = FOLLOW

Sequence = series, succession, progress

Consecutive = successive, uninterrupted, following, repeated

X alternate

Obsequious = bootlicking, fawning, cringing, groveling crouching, servile, sycophantic

X arrogant, presumptuous, insolent

Subsequent = one that follows

X preceding

Sequel = follow-up, continuation, outcome development, consequence, result

X prelude, forerunner

Obsequies = funeral rites
SIGN = MARK

Assignation = meeting, rendezvous, tryst, get-together


SUMU/SIMI = SAME, SIMILAR

Semblance = appearance, resemblance, façade, veneer, air, impression

Verisimilitude = The appearance of truth; the quality of seeming to be true
SIN = CURVE

Sinus = fistula

Sinuous = lithe, supple, twisting, winding, curved, graceful, flowing

Insinuate = innuendo, indirect reference, imply, allude, hint

Sinecure = An office that involves minimal duties, benefice
SIMIAN = MONKEY LIKE

SOL = ALONE/SUN

Soliloquy = Speech you make to yourself, monologue

Solitary = lonely, private, retiring, introverted

X sociable

Solitude= loneliness, seclusion, isolation, privacy

Parasol = sun umbrella, sunshade

Solarium = a glass enclosed room, sun parlor

Solstice = Either of the two times of the year when the sun is at its greatest distance from the celestial equator


SOLU/SOLE = FREE, LOOSEN

Absolve = pardon, forgive, release, free

X condemn

Dissolute = deprived of morals, lacking in morals, depraved, debauched, dissipated

X upright



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