Adams Pearmain is a an old-fashioned late dessert apple, one of the most popular varieties in Victorian England. It has an attractive 'pearmain' shape. This is a fairly dry apple - which is perhaps not regarded as a desirable attribute today. In spite of this it is actually a very enjoyable apple, with a rich aromatic flavour which in apple terms is usually described as
Although it had 'shelf appeal' for the Victorian housewife, its autumnal colouring is probably too subdued to compete with the bright young things of the modern supermarket shelves. Perhaps this is part of its appeal; it recalls a bygone era where subtlety of flavour was appreciated - a lovely apple to savour in front of an open fire on a cold winter's day.
Medium green flushed red, juicy aromatic. Pick mid October, eat November to March. Tree hardy. Does will in all soils, even clay.
AKANE (Tokyo Rose) Morioka, Japan. 1970
Jonathon x Worcester Pearmain. An attractive, Jonathon-type dessert apple. The colour is bright, cherry red. The flesh is crisp and juicy, with good flavour. An early bearer, it can be a shy producer. It will bear well in low chill climates.
ALASKA ETTER.(Bedfordshire Jr.), Ettersberg, California 1940’s
A seedling of Bedfordshire Foundling, a handsome, white-skinned, white-fleshed cultivar created by Albert Etter. The tree is vigorous, impressive, healthy and productive. The fruit is medium to large and ripens late. This multipurpose apple has fine dessert and cooking qualities. Spur bearing traits.
ALMATA - South Dakota 1942
Beautiful Arcade x Red Flesh Crab. One of our first solid red fleshed apples. Of Russian and Canadian parentage, it was bred by Dr. Neils Hansen, of South Dakota, famous for his horticultural explorations in Siberia and North China. A small to medium apple with solid pale red skin covered with a greyish bloom. The flesh is throughout a striking watermelon red. The flavor is tart. When fully ripe Almata is not unpleasant to eat out of hand. It makes a most beautiful and delicious cranberry red applesauce. Ripens the end of August. Tree very hardy. Prone to scab in wet areas.
AMERICAN SUMMER PEARMAIN USA, early 1800s.
Excellent early dessert apple, also good for cooking. Medium size, yellow-green fruit is flushed and streaked red to purple red. Sweet, very juicy flesh. Tree of low vigour, heavily fruit spurred. Ideal for trellis or espalier. Does well on light soil. Highly rated.
APRICOT APPLE Salem, Oregon, 1987
Chance seedling found by Lon Rombough along road west of Salem. Fruit: very firm, crisp, with unique, apricot-like after taste. Shape is flat with a somewhat convex calyx, has yellow-golden flesh and a rather dull reddish-orange blush finish. Hold apples very late into November. SPUR bearer. Pollination Day =15
Speculated to be a seedling of Winesap. Medium in size, the color is a lively red deepening to a purplish red or nearly black. The yellowish flesh is very hard, crisp and aromatic. It is regularly round with smooth skin. The tree is moderately vigorous with long slender branches. The bark is a dark reddish olive. Pollen is sterile and therefore a pollinator is required to set fruit. It is less subject to codling moth larvae damage because of its thick, tough skin and is resistant to cedar apple rust. Storage for a few months softens flesh and enhance the flavor. Self Fruitful. Trademarked
ARLET (SWISS GOURMET) Switzerland 1982
This Cox X Idared sibling has great eating quality. Flavour is a much richer and more intense than Gala. Fruit is medium large, dull orange red in colour with calyx russet in some seasons. Ripens with Gala. Tree is upright, spury, early bearing, precocious and vigorous. Plant patent # 6689.
ASHMEAD'S KERNEL Gloucester, England, 1720.
This golden brown russet apple, one of the finest flavored of all apples, ripens in late October and is an excellent keeper. It is hardy , rugged, rather resistant to scab and easy to grow or else it would not have survived until now. Should be stored for a few weeks before use for flavour enhancement. This flattish round apple, sometimes slightly conical, medium in size with crisp yellowish flesh, is exquisitely sugary, juicy, and aromatic. At a "blindfold test" taste session, held by the Royal Horticultural Society, London, England, Ashmead' s Kernel was ranked first in quality. Ashmead's Kernel is a regular cropper.
BALDWIN (Woodpecker, Butters Apple) Lowell, Massachusetts, USA, 1740,
Chance seedling. Good cooking, dessert and cider apple.This commercial variety from the turn of the century was for many years the most popular winter apple, first class for export.Medium to large, yellow flushed with orange and striped red.Juicy with sweet to subacid flavour, aromatic and firm. Usually a productive and vigourous tree. The tree is long lived and will grow large even on a semi-dwarf rootstock, like Belle de Boskoop. Baldwin stores well and ripens in October.
BELLE DE BOSKOOP. Boskoop, Holland, c. 1856,.
Believed to be a bud sport of Rechette de Montfort, this large Reinette originated as a seedling in the Ottolander family nursery at Boskoop, Holland. The "Schone van Boskoop" as the Dutch call this apple, it is still very popular in Holland and around the world. The fruit is oblate and regular in shape and the greenish yellow skin is red blushed on the sunny side. The creamy white flesh is coarse, tender, juicy and crisp and has a subacid flavor. They are very good for eating out of hand, are good keepers tasting best after the New Year. It's the perfect apple for the kitchen and industrial processing. A triploid that requires a pollinator, it bears heavily but may be slow to begin to bear. Scab resistant
BELLE DE BOSKOOP, RED
A very large, somewhat scab resistant apple that produces heavy crops each year. A superior cooking and pie apple with a rich combination of sweet and tart flavours. IN Europe, it is prized because it stores all winter and flavour improves with storage. It originated in Boskoop, Holland in 1856 and is still a popular commercial variety. It is a russetted apple over a red base colour.
BENVOULIN, Kelowna, BC recent
Benvoulin was found in a ditch under a Red Delicious in the section of Kelowna called Benvoulin by Harold Rhenisch, the poet of One Hundred Mile House. He is rather an apple connesseur. I've always kept a tree because of its flavour. It doesn't keep well, but it it also a marvelous pie apple. It has been propagated by connoisseurs because of it’s exceptional flavour and unusual appearance (from Hugh Dendy) Pollination Day =
BILL’S RED FLESH Scarlet Surprise
Named by Bill Shultz, Oregon. Another red-fleshed introduction, this is a medium sized fruit with red skin and a shape like Red Delicious. The flesh is even redder than Hidden Rose. Very sweet flavour. Makes a good and colourful applesauce and a delightful addition to salads when sliced.
It is recorded that an Englishman named Kempster planted the original kernel and the apple now known as Blenheim Orange could then be found in London nurseries in 1818, receiving the Banksian Silver Metal in 1820. Many clones exist and it seems to be the Broad Eyed Blenheim that is most common. It is a dual purpose triploid apple with vigorous growth, requiring a dwarf rootstock in restricted areas. It is a partial tip-bearer and fairly resistant to mildew. The tree bears shyly when young, but improves with age. Oblate in shape and somewhat lopsided, the skin of this large, yellow and red fruit is smooth and the creamy white flesh is coarse and crisp with a sharp subacid and aromatic flavor, which resembles the Roxbury Russet taste. Very high vitamin C content. Beach in " Apples of New York" 1905, wrote: "Fruit large to very large, yellow, more or less washed and striped with red, attractive in appearance of excellent quality." Susceptible to scab. Slow to come into full bearing but a good cropper. Does well in grass orchards. Spur
Another old American variety first noted in 1833, which was once widely planted in New England. It has what the pomologists called "the true pearmain flavor"--mild, aromatic, sweet. The apple is large and most beautiful--a well colored deep red and dark purplish red with large dots and covered with a most unusual dull bluish bloom-- whence its name. Ripens early October. This keeper dries and shrivels in storage, yet retains good flavour.
BLUSHING GOLDEN Coben, Illinois 1968
Discovered by Ralph Griffith as a chance seedling in 1959. Plant patent assigned to Stark Brothers in 1968. The fruit resembles Golden Delicious with a red blush, round conical shape, skin deep yellow ground covered with 50% light red blush, small dots, very smooth and very attractive. The flesh is very firm and good quality with a flavour between Jonathon and Golden Delicious. It has a long storage life, ripening 2 weeks after Golden Delicious. The tree is vigorous, spreading, spur type growth and very productive. Pollination Day =
BRAEBURN, Waiwhereo, Nelson, New Zealand Introduced 1952
Unknown parentage, speculated to be an open-pollinated seedling of Lady Hamilton. Medium to large fruit of very high quality. Orangish red blush over yellow background. Crisp, tangy flavour. Self fruitful. Very early bearing. Low vigor. Susceptible to scab, mildew and fire blight. Bitter pit and sunburn can be a problem. Requires thinning. Ripens in late October. Keeps well in storage. Tree is spreading, productive and precocious with a tendency to biennially bear. Requires 700 hours of chilling. New late season apple. Spur bearer. Self Fruitful
BRAEBURN, AURORA Braeburn, Joburn New Zealand.
A natural striped muration of Braeburn, this has heavy red stripes on red over a cream ground colour. Requires chemical thinning to prevent overcropping. Tree vigor is weak to moderate with a spreading habit. Plant patent applied for. PVR protected in New Zealand, at least, this makes the variety more expensive in the garden center. While colour is important to marketers, it is of no particular importance to home gardeners. Don’t bother with this and just choose the standard Braeburn.
BRAMLEY'S SEEDLING Nottinghamshire, England. c. 1809
Propagated from a notable seedling. A very large (4 x 3") greenish yellow apple with broken brown and red stripes. In England where much care and discernment is applied to the selection of cooking apples, Bramley's is considered without a peer. According to Taylor, "APPLES OF ENGLAND", Bramley's is rated richer in vitamin C content than any other English variety tested and Taylor labeled it "the greatest cooking apple of the century." A triploid that needs a pollinator. Bramley's is a heavy bearer, ripens first of October. Great cooking, good cider, good keeping apple. This traditional cooking apple of the British Isles still enjoys an excellent reputation. Fruit large, greenish-yellow with broad broken brown and red stripes. Flesh firm, juicy and sharply acid, high in vitamin C. Scab and mildew resistant, well suited to coastal B.C. climate. Tree large, vigourous and spreading, tolerates some shade. Heavy, regular bearer.
BROCK Maine, USA Created 1934 Introduced 1966
Golden Delicious x McIntosh. Large fruit is pink-red over a cream background. Mildly sweet, distinctive flavour, similar to Golden Delicious, but with more aroma and flavour. Texture is firm and white. Stores well, 2 to 3 months in cold storage. Ripens soon after Red Del. Developed by the late Russ Bailey of University of Maine and named for Henry Brock, an orchardist from Alfred, Maine, who first popularized it.
BURFORD RED FLESH (Clifford)
BURFORD'S REDFLESH is a tree discovered by Tom Burford, growing in Amherst County, Virginia, near Clifford. It is distinguished by dark red foliage, and the apples have a characteristic red flesh.
Found growing on the home site of Patrick Henry by Henry Burford. Medium size fruit. Solid red skin covered with light russeting. Solid red flesh, juicy, very tart flavor. Can be used for cider, ripens mid september.
BURGUNDY (NY 161) (Macoun x Antonovka) 1974
Monroe X NY 18491. Large, round, blackisk red fruit with a solid bulsh, but without stripes. Skin is smooth and glossy. Crisp, subacid flesh, cream coloured stained pink. . Very good eating quality. Fruit hangs well for 3 weeks after harvest ripe. Storage life is short, no more than one month. Susceptible to scab and mildew. Ripens in mid-Sept. Pollination Day =15
CALVILLE BLANC D'HIVER (White Winter Calville )
Introduced 1598, recorded 1626 by Le Lectiér, procurer for Louis XIII, who grew it in the King's gardens at Orleans, France. A classic dessert apple of France, considered unsurpassed as a dessert apple. It is still served for dessert in the finest Paris restaurants, also good juice apple with more vitamin C than not only all other eating apples, but also even the orange. Good sauce and cooking apple as well. Fruit medium-large, pale green with light red dots on sunny side, it turns a beautiful yellow in storage as it reaches maturity. Flesh tender, sweet, juicy, spicy with a delicate banana-like aroma. Tree does best in warm soil, against a sunny wall or bank. Precocious bearer. Its tender, It is a large flattish round apple with uneven ribs extending the whole length of the fruit and terminating in prominent unequal ridges at the base. Fruit always seemed to be well-spaced on the branches, as if properly thinned, perhaps a factor in its good size.. It does not show its true perfection for its first year or two of cropping. An absolute favorite for pies, tarts, compôtes, and sauce as well as for dessert at the table with a knife and a good cheese like aged Gouda.
CHEHALIS Chehalis, Washington (near Oakville) 1937