Curriculum Vitae (2013)
Lawrence M. Principe Office Address: Department of the History of Science and Technology, 301 Gilman Hall, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 or Chemistry Department, Remsen Hall, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218.
Education: 1996 Ph.D.; History of Science, Johns Hopkins University.
1988-93 Instructor of Chemistry, School of Continuing Studies, JHU
Publications: Books: The Secrets of Alchemy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013).
The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011) .
The Accademia del Cimento and Its European Context, ed. with Marco Beretta and Antonio Clericuzio (Sagamore Beach, MA: Science History Publications, 2009).
New Narratives in Eighteenth-Century Chemistry, ed. (Dordrecht: Springer, 2007).
Chymists and Chymistry: Studies in the History of Alchemy and Early Modern Chemistry, ed.(Sagamore Beach, MA: Science History Publications, 2007).
The Alchemical Laboratory Notebooks and Correspondence of George Starkey. With William R. Newman. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004).
Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry. With William R. Newman. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002). Winner of the Pfizer Prize 2006.
Transmutations: Alchemy in Art. With Lloyd DeWitt. (Philadelphia: Chemical Heritage Foundation, 2002).
The Correspondence of Robert Boyle. Eds. Michael Hunter, Lawrence M. Principe, and Antonio Clericuzio, 6 vols. (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2001).
The Aspiring Adept: Robert Boyle and His Alchemical Quest. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998).
Media/Public Education: History of Science: Antiquity to 1700, (a video course in thirty-six 30-minute lectures; produced by The Teaching Company, Chantilly, VA, 2003).
Science and Religion, (a video course in twelve 30-minute lectures; produced by The Teaching Company, Chantilly, VA 2006).
Articles: “Sir Kenelm Digby and Alchemical Circles in 1650s Paris: Newly Discovered Manuscripts,” Ambix (forthcoming 2013).
“John Locke and the Case of Anthony Ashley Cooper,” with Peter Anstey, Early Science and Medicine 16, (2011):379-503.
“Alchemy Restored,” Isis 102 (2011):305-312.
“In Retrospect: The Sceptical Chymist,” Nature 469, (6 January 2011): 30-31.
“Liens et influences chimiques entre Robert Boyle et la France,” pp. 71-89 in La philosophie naturelle de Robert Boyle, eds. Miriam Dennehy and Charles Ramond, (Paris: Vrin, 2009).
“Allen G. Debus (1926-2009): An Appreciation,” Ambix 56, (2009):201.
“Myth 11: ‘That Catholics did not Contribute to the Scientific Revolution’” pp. 99-106 in Galileo Goes to Jail and Other Myths about Science and Religion, ed. Ronald L. Numbers (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009)
“Transmuting Chymistry into Chemistry: Eighteenth-Century Chrysopoeia and its Repudiation,” pp. 21-34 in Neighbours and Territories: The Evolving Identity of Chemistry, eds. José Ramón Bertomeu-Sánchez, Duncan Thorburn Burns, Brigitte Van Tiggelen (Louvain-la-Neuve: Mémosciences, 2008).
“Wilhelm Homberg et la chimie de la lumière,” Methodos: Savoirs et textes 8, (2008); http://methodos.revues.org/
“Revealing Analogies: The Descriptive and Deceptive Roles of Sexuality and Gender in Latin Alchemy,” pp. 209-229 in Hidden Intercourse: Eros and Sexuality in Western Esotericism, eds. Wouter Hanegraaff and Jeffrey J. Kripal, (Leiden: Brill, 2008).
“Transmuting History,” Isis 98 (2007):779-787.
“A Revolution Nobody Noticed? Changes in Early Eighteenth Century Chymistry,” pp. 1-22 in New Narratives in Eighteenth-Century Chemistry, ed. Lawrence M. Principe (Dordrecht: Springer, 2007)
“A New History of Chemistry Library at the Chemical Heritage Foundation,” Ambix 53, (2006):77-82.
“Alchemy and Its Images in the Eddleman and Fisher Collections at the Chemical Heritage Foundation.” With Lloyd DeWitt. Pp. 221-47, in Art and Alchemy, ed. Jacob Wamberg (Copenhagen: Museum Tusculum, 2005).
“Evidence for Transmutation in Seventeenth Century Alchemy.” Pp. 151-64, in Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories and Applications, ed. Peter Achinstein (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 2005).
“Vincenzo Dandolo, Marco Carburi, and the Battle over Lavoisier’s Chemistry in Italy: A Rare Pamphlet,” Chemical Heritage 23 (2005).
“Alchemy and the Changing Significance of Analysis.” With William R. Newman. Pp. 73-89 in Wrong for the Right Reasons, eds. Jed. Z. Buchwald and Allan Franklin, (Dordrecht: Springer, 2005).
“Reflections on Newton’s Alchemy in Light of the New Historiography of Alchemy.” Pp. 205-19 in Newton and Newtonianism: New Studies, eds. James E. Force and Sarah Hutton, (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2004).
“Lost Newton Manuscript Recovered at CHF,” Chemical Heritage 22 (2004):6-8.
“Georges Pierre des Clozets, Robert Boyle, the Alchemical Patriarch of Antioch, and the Reunion of Christendom,” Early Science and Medicine 9, (2004):307-20.
"The Lost Papers of Robert Boyle." With Michael Hunter. Annals of Science 60 (2003), 269-311.
"The Chymical Laboratory Notebooks of George Starkey." With William R. Newman. Pp. 25-41 in Reworking the Bench: Research Notebooks in the History of Science, eds. Fredrick L. Holmes, Jürgen Renn, and Hans-Jörg Rheinburger, (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2003).
"Wilhelm Homberg: Chymical Corpuscularianism and Chrysopoeia in the Early Eighteenth Century." Pp. 535-56 in: Late Medieval and Early Modern Corpuscular Matter Theories, eds. C. Luthy, J. E. Murdoch, and W. R. Newman (Leiden: Brill, 2001).
"Some Problems in the Historiography of Alchemy." With William R. Newman. Pp. 385-434 in: Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe, ed. William Newman and Anthony Grafton, (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001).
"D. G. Morhof's Analysis and Defence of Transmutational Alchemy." Pp. 138-153 in Mapping the World of Learning: The Polyhistor of Daniel Georg Morhof, Wolfenbüttler Forschungen 91, (Harrassowitz: Wiesbaden, 2000).
"Apparatus and Reproducibility in Alchemy." Pp. 55-74 in Instruments and Experimentation in the History of Chemistry, ed. Frederic L. Holmes and Trevor Levere, (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000).
"The Alchemies of Robert Boyle and Isaac Newton: Alternate Approaches and Divergent Deployments." Pp. 201-220 in Rethinking the Scientific Revolution, ed. Margaret J. Osler, (Cambridge: Cambridge U. Press, 2000).
"Alchemy vs. Chemistry: The Etymological Origins of a Historiographic Mistake." With William R. Newman. Early Science and Medicine, 1998, 3:32-65.
"Diversity in Alchemy: The Case of Gaston 'Claveus' DuClo, a Scholastic Mercurialist Chrysopoeian," pp. 181-200 in Reading the Book of Nature: The Other Side of the Scientific Revolution, ed. Allen G. Debus and Michael Walton (Kirksville, MO: Sixteenth Century Press, 1998).
"Virtuous Romance and Romantic Virtuoso: The Shaping of Robert Boyle's Literary Style." Journal of the History of Ideas, 1995, 56:377-397.
"Newly-Discovered Boyle Documents in the Royal Society Archive: Alchemical Tracts and his Student Notebook." Notes and Records of the Royal Society, 1995, 49:57-70.
"Style and Thought of the Early Boyle: Discovery of the 1648 Manuscript of Seraphic Love." Isis, 1994, 85:247-260.
"Robert Boyle's Alchemical Pursuits," pp. 91-105 in Robert Boyle Reconsidered, ed. Michael Hunter, (Cambridge: Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
"Robert Boyle's Alchemical Secrecy: Codes, Ciphers, and Concealments." Ambix, 1992, 39:63-74.
"The Gold Process: Directions in the Study of Robert Boyle's Alchemy." In Alchemy Revisited, ed. Z. R. W. M. van Martels, (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1990), 200-5.
"Stereospecific Dicobalt Octacarbonyl Mediated Enyne Cyclization for the Synthesis of Methyl Deoxynorpentalenolactone H." With Philip Magnus and Martin J. Slater, Journal of Organic Chemistry, 54, 5148, (1989).
"Jacob Boehme's Divine Substance Salitter--Its Nature, Origin, and Relationship to Seventeenth-Century Nitre Theories." With Charles Andrew Weeks. British Journal of the History of Science, 1989, 22:53-61.
"In Defense of Alchemy." Beckman Center Newsletter, Summer 1989, 6:5-7.
"Organometallic Chemistry can Simplify the Synthesis of Important Biologically Active Natural Products." With D. Becker, P. Carter, J. Elliott, R. Lewis, P. Magnus, and M. Slater. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A, 326, 641, (1988).
"Stereospecific Dicobaltoctacarbonyl Mediated Enyne Cyclization for the Synthesis of the Cytotoxic Sesquiterpene (+/-)-Quadrone." With Philip Magnus and Martin J. Slater. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 52, 1483, (1987).
"Chemical Translation and the Role of Impurities in Alchemy: Examples from Basil Valentine's Triumph-Wagen." Ambix, 1987, 34:21-30.
"Origins of the 1,2- and 1,3-Stereoselectivity in Dicobaltoctacarbonyl Alkene-Alkyne Cyclizations for the Synthesis of Substituted Bicyclo[3.3.0]octenones." With Philip Magnus. Tetrahedron Letters, 4851, (1985).
"A Second Look at Alchemy." Enquiry: Research Journal of the University of Delaware, Fall 1982, 3:12-15.
Invited contributions to:Alchemie: Lexikon einer hermetischen Wissenschaft, ed. Claus Priesner and Karin Figala, (Munich: Beck Verlag, 1998) (21 articles), New Dictionary of National Biography (7 articles), Encyclopedia of the Scientific Revolution, ed. Wilbur Appelbaum (2 articles), Dictionary of Gnosis and Western Esotericism, ed. Wouter Hanegraaff, Antoine Faivre, and Roelof van den Broek (Leiden, Brill: 2005) (3 articles), New Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Encyclopedia Britannica, Dictionary of Medical Biography, Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century French Philosophers, Encyclopedia of Science and Religion, ed. Gary Ferngren (New York: Garland, 1999), and Cambridge Encyclopedia of Esotericism (2011).
Book reviews in:Isis, Ambix, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, British Journal of the History of Science, Archives internationales d'histoire des sciences, Bulletin of the History of Chemistry, Early Science and Medicine, Annals of Science, The Scriblerian, and Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies.
Presented Papers (Selected):
"Alchemy’s Origins in Late Antiquity: Philosophical Crafts and Crafty Philosophers," Getty Villa, Malibu, CA, 13 October 2011.
“The Chymist and the Physician: Rivalry and Conflict at the Académie Royale des Sciences," Alchemy and Medicine from Antiquity to the Enlightenment, Cambridge University, 22-24 September 2011.
"The Persistence of Chrysopoeia: Public Repudiation and Private Practice in Eighteenth-Century France," Richard S. Westfall Memorial Lecture, Indiana University, Bloomington, 15 April 2011.
“So What Happened to Alchemy?” Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, 29 March 2011.
“Revealing the Secrets of Alchemy” George Sarton Memorial Lecture, American Academy of Arts and Sciences Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, 17-21 February 2011.
““Alchemy: Between Science and Religion?,” ESSWE Alchemy Thesis Workshop, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 24 June 2010.
“Turning Experiments into Theories: The Evolution of Wilhelm Homberg’s Essais de chimie,” Université de Lille III, France, 9 June 2010.”
“Uncovering the Secrets of Alchemy,” Inaugural Oration, Universiteit te Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1 June 2010.
“Von Java nach Paris: Die abenteuerliche Karriere des Chemikers und Alchemisten Wilhelm Homberg (1653-1715),” Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina, Halle, 11 May 2010.
“La chimie helmontienne à l’Académie Royale des Sciences,” Université de Lille III, 27 April 2010.
“The Role of Religion in the Emergence of Modern Science” and “Natural Theology: A Historical Perspective,” Faraday Centre, St. Edmund’s College, Cambridge University, 13-14 July 2009
“Do It Right or Do it Now: Philosophical vs. Pragmatic Agendas for Chymistry at the Académie Royale des Sciences,” CHYMIA: Science and Nature in Early Modern Europe (1450-1750); El Escorial, Spain; 7-12 September 2008.
“The Paris Académie Royale des Sciences and Italian Scientific Societies,” The Accademia del Cimento in European Context (1657-2007), Florence, Italy, 14-15 December 2007.
“The Stages of Alchemy: Theatrical Drama in and out of the Laboratory,” Spuren der Avantgarde: Theatrum Alchemicum, Berlin, 1-3 November 2007.
“Transmuting Chymistry into Chemistry: Eighteenth-Century Chrysopoeia and its Repudiation,” Keynote Address, International Conference on the History of Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium, 28-31 August 2007
“Science, Art, and the Natural World: Visions of Alchemy in Seventeenth-Century Society,” Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 23 February 2007.
“A Revolution Nobody Noticed?: Chemistry in the Early Eighteenth Century,” Keynote Francis Bacon Address, CalTech, Pasadena, CA, 22 April 2005.
“The Role of Sexuality and Gender in Latin Alchemy,” Esoteric Renaissance Conference, San Francisco, CA, 3-7 April 2005.
“La France dans la chimie de Robert Boyle, et la chimie de Robert Boyle en France. ” Colloque international: “La philosophie naturelle de Robert Boyle,” Université Michel de Montaigne, Bordeaux, France, 10-12 March 2005.
“La chimie de la lumière,” Université de Lille III, Lille, France, 7 March 2005.
“Recreating Alchemical Experiments” Renaissance Workshop, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 10-11 February 2005.
“Wilhelm Homberg’s Wanderjahre: Intellectual Formation and Transnational Networks,” Science in Europe Conference, Maastricht, Netherlands, 4-6 November 2004.
“The Role and Place of Alchemy in Early Modern Culture” University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2 November 2004.
“Wilhelm Homberg and the Chymistry of Light,” CalTech, 22 February 2004.
"Révélations et recherches: L'autorité divine dans le laboratoire alchimique," Université de Paris X, 16 December 2002.
“Taking Alchemy Seriously,” Scholes Lecture, Alfred University, 22 April 2002
“Alchemy and its Images in the Eddleman and Fisher Collections,” Art and Alchemy Conference, University of Aarhus, 6-9 December 2001.
“The Supernatural School of Alchemy,” Renaissance Society of America Conference, Chicago, IL, 29-31 March 2001.
"Reassessing Newton in the Light of the New Historiography of Alchemy," Newton 2000 Conference, William Andrews Clark Library, Los Angeles, CA, 20-21 October 2000.
"Grains and Chaff: Winnowing the Alchemical Papers for Newtonian Content," Newton Manuscripts Project Workshop, Cambridge, England, 9-10 September 2000.
"The Notebooks of George Starkey: Experiment in Chymistry" History of Science Society Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA; 4-7 November 1999.
"Die Bedeutung der Alchemie für die Physik Isaac Newtons," 333 Jahre Gravitation, Weil-der-Stadt, Germany, 12 August 1999.
"`Tried in the Fire': Experimental Practice in Early Modern Chymistry," Journée d'étude: La Philosophie Expérimentelle en France et en Angleterre, Nanterre (Paris X), France, 7 May 1999.
"Theological Correctives to Seventeenth-Century Chymistry," Pascal Centre Conference "Science in Theistic Contexts," Ancaster, Ontario, 21-25 July 1998.
"Chacun à son goût: Theory and Practice in Early Modern Chymistry," Chimie et chimistes en quête d'identité, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 22-23 November 1997.
"Daniel Georg Morhof and Seventeenth-Century Alchemy," XXth Congrès International d'Histoire des Sciences, July 1997, Liège, Belgium.
"The Diversity of Alchemical Schools: The Case of Gasto Claveus," Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, St. Louis, 24-27 October 1996
"Robert Boyle, Religion, and the Limits of Mechanism," British Studies Conference, Chicago, 18-20 October 1996
"The Persistence of Alchemical Theories and Goals at the Académie Royale des Sciences," Foundation for Intellectual History's Workshop on Corpuscularianism, St. Andrews, Scotland, 4-15 August 1996.
"Apparatus and Reproducibility in Alchemy," Dibner Institute Workshop, 11-13 April 1996, Cambridge, MA.
"Skeptical of the Sceptical Chymist: The Development of Boyle's Alchemical Views" 1994 History of Science Convention, New Orleans, LA. (Also Session Organizer)
"Boyle's Alchemical Writings: Anonymity, Uncertainty, and Oblivion," 1993 History of Science Convention, Santa Fe, NM.
"The Romantic Alchemist: Two Important Influences on the Boyle's Style and Language," Mark M. Horblit Colloquium in the History of Science, Harvard University, 12 October 1993.
"Alchemy in Defense of Religion," XIXth Congrès International d'Histoire des Sciences, August 1993, Zaragoza, Spain.
"Far-Flying Mercury: Alchemical Communication and Laboratory Practice in Boyle, Locke, and Newton," British-North American Joint Meeting, July 1992, Toronto, Canada.
"Robert Boyle's Dialogue on Transmutation," 1991 History of Science Convention, Madison, WI.
"Evaluating Research: An Historian's Perspective," 1991 National Council of University Research Administrators Meeting, Alexandria, VA.
Notices: New York Times, 10 April 1990, "In Alchemist's Notes, Clues to Modern Chemistry."
Today's Chemist, 2, May/June 1993, pp. 57-8, "Profiles in Chemistry: Breaking the Alchemy Code."
News from the Burndy Library, 3, Fall 1996, pp. 8-10, "Understanding Alchemical Imagery."
Baltimore Sun, 9 October 1998, p. C-1.
Arts and Sciences Update, JHU, 1, January 1999, p. 11.
Chemical and Engineering News, 10 May 2004, pp. 49-50.
Baltimore Sun, 22 July 2006, p. 1.
New York Times, 1 August 2006, p. D1
France-Amérique, 5 August 2006, p. 9.
Boston Globe, 15 March 2009.
Natuurwetenschap & Techniek, October 2010, 66-69.
NRC Handelsblad, 6 June 2010, 11
The Economist, 24 February 2011.
Science, 20 May 2011, pp. 914-15
Chemical and Engineering News, 89, 29 August 2011, p. 40.
Honors, Awards, and Fellowships:
2011 George Sarton Memorial Lecturer, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
2004 Francis Bacon Award for the History and Philosophy of Science
2001 Othmer Fellowship, Chemical Heritage Foundation
2001 Center for Theology and Natural Sciences Course Development Award
1999 Dibner Institute Senior Fellowship
1999 Templeton Foundation Award for Courses in Science and Religion
1998 Carnegie Foundation Maryland Professor of the Year
1998 George Owen Teaching Award, JHU
1996 Excellence in Teaching Award, JHU
1994 Distinguished Faculty Award, JHU
1988-89 George Owen Fellow of Humanities, JHU
1986-87 American Chemical Society Organic Division Graduate Fellow
1983-86 National Science Foundation Graduate Fellow
1983-81 American Institute of Chemists Award; American Microchemical Society Award; Eastman Kodak Chemistry Scholarship; Rodney H. Sharp Scholarship; First Prize, Phi Kappa Phi Research Essay Competition; Federal Republic of Germany Foreign Embassy Awards for German Language and Literature; Italo-American Foundation Award for Italian Studies; Italian Consulate General's Award.
Editorships and Collaborative Projects: Editorial Boards: Archimedes (currently), Ambix (currently), Journal of Religion in Europe (currently), Nuncius (currently) Isis (1999-2002).
Co-editor (with Jennifer Rampling) of the Ambix series Sources of Early Alchemy (2010-present)
Consulting Editor for the Works of Robert Boyle Project, Michael Hunter and Edward B. Davis, eds. (1995-2000)