The Need for Teaching the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of Jesus Christ in the 21

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The Need for Teaching the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of Jesus Christ in the 21


 Century . . . .  




©Copyright David Hebert, 2009.  All rights reserved. 

3.6.2 Illuminati 

Although the history of the Illuminati started back with the founding of the Babylonian Magi 

Cult, and its Kabbalistic and Mithraic beliefs in the sixth century BC, according to Gershom 

Scholem (1897-1982) (as quoted in Livingstone), the modern version started with the Lurianic 

Kabbalah (or New Kabbalah) around AD 1630-40 (Scholem 1974:245). As outlined by 

Livingstone, this was followed by Shabbetai Zevi, in 1666, proclaiming himself to be the Jewish 

Messiah [emphasis added] (known as the Shabbatean heresy, Frankists, Zoharists, or the 

Illumined).  This was then followed by the leader of the Zoharists, named Jacob Frank 

(“originally named Jacob Leibowicz, who regarded himself as a reincarnation of Zevi”). Frank 

taught a “Religious Myth of Nihilism,” or “the way to Esau or Edom”; that the only way to “true 

life” or liberation was through the “overthrow and destruction of society”; and to “abolish all 

laws, but to be accomplished in secret.” Frank was imprisoned by the Inquisition in 1760. He 

was freed by “the conquering Russians in 1773, though, he eventually settled in Offenbach, 

Germany, dubbing himself baron” (Rosenthal and Dubnow, “Frank, Jacob, and the Frankists,” 

Jewish Encyclopedia; Antelman, To Eliminate the Opiate


cliff_shack/eliminateopiate1ch10.html/) - (Livingstone 2007:123-5).  

The more formal genesis of the Illuminati came with the birth of Adam Weishaupt (its 

founder); born in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, in 1748 to Jewish parents, who converted to Roman 

Catholicism and had him attend monastery schools and a high school run by the Jesuits. There, 

he learned Czech, Italian, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. The Jesuits believed that he would become 

a missionary. Instead, he rebelled and became a Professor of Canon Law at the University of 

Ingolstadt. In 1768, Weishaupt began collecting a large library and reading every ancient 

manuscript he could find. He became especially interested in the Great Pyramid of Giza. In 1770, 

The Need for Teaching the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of Jesus Christ in the 21


 Century . . . .  




©Copyright David Hebert, 2009.  All rights reserved. 

he befriended a Danish merchant named Franz Kolmer, who had lived in Alexandria and made 

several trips to Giza. Then, in 1771, he decided to form a secret society aimed at “transforming 

the human race.” He spent the next five years developing his plan and researching/borrowing 

from many sources such as, Egyptian occultism, Buddhism, Cabalism (Kabbalah), the Cathars (a 

European Gnostic religion; the name means “perfect ones”), the Sufis of Islam, the French 

Revolutionary Voltaire, the Eclectic German Masonry Lodge Theodore in Munich (to which he 

belonged), and from his Jesuit training ( 2002:1


Griffin outlines the documented formal birth of the Illuminati as follows. Finally on May 

1, 1776, the Illuminati (from the same root word for Lucifer, “Bearer of Light” or Enlightened 

Ones) was founded as a single powerful secret organization to overthrow established civilization 

and religion, and to establish a Novus Ordo Seclorum (New World Order). Weishaupt 

developed the following seven-fold plan as the means to arrive at that goal: 1) Abolish all 

ordered governments; 2) Abolish private property; 3) Abolish inheritance; 4) Abolish patriotism; 

5) Abolish religion; 6) Abolish the family unit; and 7) Creation of a New World Order/World 

Government [emphasis added] (Griffin 1993:52).  

According to Rev. Seth Payson, who in 1802 wrote Proof of the Illuminati, the Illuminati 

is symbolized by the Great Pyramid, with the all-seeing eye on top (Great Seal of the U. S. on the 

back of the one dollar bill), with thirteen levels. These thirteen levels are divided into three 

groups: 1) Nursery (Preparation, Novice, Minerval, Illumined Minor), 2) Masonry (Apprentice, 

Fellowcraft, Master, Illumined Major/Novice, Illumined Dirigens/Knight), and 3) Mysteries 

(Presbyter/Priest, Prince/Regent, Majus, and Rex). The Order is controlled by the “Council of 

13” (Council of 12 + the leader—Weishaupt himself)The true power of the organization was 

considered to be “circles within circles;” that is the inner-most circle, governed by the Council 

The Need for Teaching the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of Jesus Christ in the 21


 Century . . . .  




©Copyright David Hebert, 2009.  All rights reserved. 

of 13 [emphasis added] (Payson 2003:67-8). 

Kirban continues their early narrative history as follows. Weishaupt was joined in this 

endeavor by Baron Xavier von Zwack (a lawyer) and Baron Adolf von Knigge (a very well-

connected Mason). On July 16, 1782, at the Congress of Wilhelmsbad, the Illuminati joined with 

the Free Masons to form the Illumined Lodges of Masons and moved its Headquarters to 

Frankfurt (where the Rothschild banking family resided). By 1785, there were fifteen Illumined 

Lodges set up in the Thirteen Colonies of America. The Lodge in New York had the following 

famous members in attendance: Gov. Dewitt Clinton, Clinton Roosevelt, Charles Dana, and 

Horace Greeley. The Lodge in Virginia included Thomas Jefferson as a member. Also in 1785, 

lightning struck a courier of the Illuminati, who was carrying plans for the French Revolution 

addressed to the Money Barons. These documents were seized by the Bavarian authorities. Then, 

four professors, who were briefly in and left the Illuminati, were summoned to appear before the 

Bavarian Court of Inquiry. Baron von Zwack’s home was raided and additional documents were 

seized. As a result of the deliberations of the Court of Inquiry, all secret organizations were 

banished from Bavaria and Weishaupt and his associates were denounced as heretics/occultists. 

In 1786, the Bavarian Court published their findings as The Original Writings of the Order and 

Sect of the Illuminati (Kirban 1980:150). 

Payson adds the following narrative history. Weishaupt escaped to Saxe-Gotha, 

Switzerland. In Switzerland, Weishaupt reorganized the Illuminati to appear on the surface to be 

composed of legitimate groups; the German Union and The League of the Just (with sub-groups 

of Literary Societies and Reading Clubs). He also pursued the Masonic Lodges in France 

through Count Mirabeau, who formed the Jacobin Society in Paris (which consolidated all 266 

Lodges of the Grand Orient in France under one head). Through this newly formed French 

The Need for Teaching the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of Jesus Christ in the 21


 Century . . . .  




©Copyright David Hebert, 2009.  All rights reserved. 

organization, and with the help of the Money Barons, the “reign of terror” and the French 

Revolution through 1789 were directed and carried out [emphasis added] (Payson 2003:97-105). 

Griffin interjects the following in this historical narrative. Shortly thereafter, two other 

works were written: Proofs of a Conspiracy Against All the Religions and Governments of 

Europe, Carried on in the Secret Meetings of Free Masons, Illuminati, and Reading Societies by 

John Robison, Professor of Natural Philosophy at Edinburgh University in 1797; and Memoirs 

Illustrating the History of Jacobinism by The Abbe Barruel (in French and translated into 

English by Robert Clifford) in 1798, which further exposed the secret plans of the Illuminati 

(Griffin 1993:44-9). Also in 1789, the U. S. Constitution was ratified and Art. 1, Sec. 8, Sub. 

Sec. 5, stated, “Congress shall have the power to coin money (and) regulate the value thereof” 

(emphasis added). The following year, the central Bank of North America folded, with 

$12,000,000 in foreign debt and $42,000,000 in domestic debt outstanding. Despite this fact, this 

central bank was renamed the Bank of the United States of America and was chartered for 

twenty more years. In 1811 (after the 20-year charter expired without renewal) the central bank 

gave way to individual “State Banks.” This then gave rise to the War of 1812, which was staged 

and funded by the International Money Barons. In 1816, the central bank was revived and given 

another twenty year Charter (Griffin 1993:181-4). In 1830, Weishaupt died at the age of 82. On 

his death-bed, he feigned repentance back to his Catholic roots, to divert the focus away from the 

Illuminati. In 1834, Guiseppe Mazzini succeeded Weishaupt and took over the leadership of the 

Illuminati in Europe [emphasis added] (Hebert 2006a:1-4).  

According to Livingstone, all this time, the Illuminati were developing their 

“relationships with their brethren occultists in Egypt. . . . to play a pivotal role in the conspiracy 

against Islam” (Livingstone 2007:141). This plan involved the British spy network recruiting a 

The Need for Teaching the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of Jesus Christ in the 21


 Century . . . .  




©Copyright David Hebert, 2009.  All rights reserved. 

disgruntled Muslim, Mohammed Abdul Wahhab (1712-1792), as a British agent to legalize the 

killing of one Muslim by another, under the guise of “Jihad.” In 1746, the Saudi ruling family, 

from the Aniza tribe (“being secret Jews” and part of the Illuminati family), agreed to maintain 

political authority in the region and allow the Wahhabis (followers of Abdul Wahhab) to run the 

cult. In 1776, “Abdul Wahhab declared himself leader of the Muslims of the world . . . In 1792, 

Abdul Wahhab died, and Abdul Aziz assumed the leadership of the Wahhabi movement . . . Aziz 

was murdered in 1803 . . . His son Saud ibn Abdul Aziz then succeeded him.” The Wahhabis 

continued to disrupt and destroy the Ottoman Empire, from within, until Saud ibn Abdul Aziz 

died in 1814. And,  “Despite their initial defeat, the Wahhabis regrouped in Najd, establishing a 

new capital in Riyad” and made new plans to continue to “dismember the Ottoman State” 

(Livingstone 2007:141-3, 147-150). 

Although the Illuminati were well-established and connected to the International Money 

Barons by the time of Adam Weishaupt’s death, and appeared to be swelling to another flood 

from Satan, the Lord continued to raise the standard of the Eschatological Gospel to fight against 

this new form of the ancient Babylonian Mysteries cult religion (disguised as a secret 

organization, society or order). Just prior to this and around the time of the French Revolution, 

the resurgence of the Eschatological Gospel began on several fronts. In 1791, a Jesuit named 

Manuel de Lacunza (who was living in Imola, Italy) published La Venida die Mesias en Gloria y 

Magestad in Spanish under the pseudonym, Juan Josafat Ben Ezra. This work outlined the 

Rapture of the Church, the appearance of the antichrist, the premillennial Second Advent of 

Christ, and then the millennial reign of Christ on earth. This was a huge step for a member of the 

Catholic Church (especially a Jesuit), but it actually did more to unite portions of the Catholic 

and Protestant churches than anything else in nearly three hundred years (Froom 1946, 3:304-5, 

The Need for Teaching the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of Jesus Christ in the 21


 Century . . . .  




©Copyright David Hebert, 2009.  All rights reserved. 

309). This, coupled with the occurrence of the French Revolution, would lead up to the rebirth of 

premillennialism in both England and America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.  

Around the time of the French Revolution (1790’s), especially in Britain, there arose a 

great interest in interpreting prophecy in Scripture. This, in addition to a renewed concern for the 

state of the Jews and the rebirth of the doctrine of the premillennial Advent of Christ, formed the 

basis for the rise of British Millenarianism. This movement involved strong advocates from the 

laity (Scottish Presbyterian William Cuninghame of Lainshaw and James Hatley Frere), the 

business community (Lewis Way, founder of the “London Society for Promoting Christianity 

Among Jews”—to help Jews return to Palestine and rebuild their homeland) and the clergy (Rev. 

George Stanley Faber and Rev. Edward Irving) - (Sandeen 1970:8-12). 

Edward Irving moved from Scotland to London to take a parish in 1822. In 1825, he 

became a disciple of Frere. By 1826, he had translated Lacunza’s The Coming of Messiah in 

Glory and Majesty into English, established the “Society for the Investigation of Prophecy” (in 

conjunction with Frere and Way) and began preaching on premillennial eschatology (Flegg 

1992:40-50). During Christmastime in 1826, twenty interested laity and clergy were invited by 

the Honorable Henry Drummond to his Albury Park estate for a week long discussion of 

prophetic truth. This conference was held the following two years also, and included almost all 

the millenarian scholars in Britain. This conference idea was to establish a pattern for not only 

British millenarians in the next century, but for Americans also (Sandeen 1970:18-9). In 1829, 

Drummond summarized the conclusions of all three conferences into six points: 1) the Church 

“dispensation” or age will end in destruction, much the same as the Jewish dispensation ended; 

2) the Jews will be restored to Palestine during this time of judgment; 3) this judgment to come 

will fall primarily upon Christendom; 4) when the judgment is done, the Millennium will begin; 

The Need for Teaching the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of Jesus Christ in the 21


 Century . . . .  




©Copyright David Hebert, 2009.  All rights reserved. 

5) the Second Advent of Christ will occur before the Millennium; and 6) the 1,260 years of 

Daniel 7 and Revelation 13 ought to be measured from the reign of Justinian to the French 

Revolution (the vials of wrath, mentioned in Revelation 16, were then being poured out and the 

Second Advent was imminent).


Also characteristic of this rise of millenarianism was the 

publishing of periodicals (e.g., Morning Watch, London, 1829-33, Christian Herald, Dublin, 

1830-35, Investigator, London, 1831-36) - (Sandeen 1970:21-4). 

In 1831, the manifestations of the Holy Spirit in the forms of speaking in tongues and 

prophesying broke out in Irving’s church and caused the focus to shift from premillennialism to 

the gifts of the Spirit. Around the same time, John Nelson (J. N.) Darby and Benjamin Wills 

Newton began to turn away from the secularness and laxness of the Church of England to form 

an independent group (the Plymouth Brethren). This group maintained a focus on apostolic 

Christianity and premillennialism. During the autumn of 1831, Lady Thedosia Powerscourt (who 

had hosted Irving during a preaching tour in Dublin) hosted the first Irish Prophetic Conference 

in her County Wickham home. It was attended by thirty-five clergy, fifteen laymen, and twenty 

ladies. The main topics were the interpretation of the 1,260 days (years), the corrupt state of 

Christendom, the imminent Return of Christ, and ways to identify the antichrist. During the 

following year’s conference, a potential split in premillennial doctrine was identified between the 

Historicists, who believed that most of the events described by Daniel and John in Revelation 

were being fulfilled in European history, and Futurists, who believed none of these events had 

occurred yet, but would occur at the end of the dispensation of the Church, just prior to the 

Second Advent. The Futurists were also called Dispensationalists and included J. N. Darby and 

most of the Plymouth Brethren (Sandeen 1970:29-37).  

The Need for Teaching the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of Jesus Christ in the 21


 Century . . . .  




©Copyright David Hebert, 2009.  All rights reserved. 

The modern futurist concept was not new, but came from a Jesuit Priest named Francisco 

Ribera, who wrote a five hundred page document on the Apocalypse in 1590. Among other 

things, this work taught that the antichrist would come at sometime in the future for a literal 3 ½ 

year period right before the Second Advent (although, Ribera also taught that the Millennium 

was not a literal one thousand-year period, but the period of time between the Cross of Jesus 

Christ and the antichrist) (Froom 1948, 2:486-90). Sandeen (1970:38) wraps up this portion of 

premillennial history with the following. During the 1833 Powerscourt Conference, Darby fully 

introduced his “dispensational” ideas; the secret Rapture of the Church and a parenthesis or gap 

between Daniel’s sixty-ninth and seventieth weeks (Daniel 9:24-27) - (Hebert 2004b:8-11).  

Darby’s teaching of Dispensationalism included a revived version of the Eschatological 

Gospel of Both Comings of the Lord Jesus Christ. This then shows the standard the Lord raised 

up just at the time when the Illuminati were starting to expand their influence globally. By way 

of continuity, this also leads into the consideration of the Modern Period (from 1830 up to the 

present day). 






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