Final Assessment Questions on “Theoretical phonetics” Card-1 Connection of Phonetics with Other Sciences

Yüklə 111,88 Kb.
ölçüsü111,88 Kb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   43
Final Theoretical Phonetics

Final Assessment Questions on “Theoretical phonetics”

1.Connection of Phonetics with Other Sciences.
The terms “phonetics” and “phonetic” come from the Greek word ϒωνη (fo:ne:) sound. Phonetics is not a separate science. It is a branch of linguistics, like the other branches, such as grammar, lexicology and stylistics. It studies the phonetic structure of the language, i.e. speech sounds, word stress, syllabic structure and intonation. These four components form the pronunciation of a language. A linguist who specializes in phonetics is known as a phonetician. Phonetics has a long history. It was known to the ancient Greeks and Hindus. Phonetics is connected with linguistic and non-linguistic sciences: acoustics, physiology, psychology, logic, etc. As a linguistic science, phonetics is naturally connected with other linguistic disciplines, such as grammar, lexicology, stylistics, dialectology and sociolinguistics.
2.I.A. Baudouin de Courtenay’s theory of phonology.
 Baudouin de Courtenay (13 March 1845 – 3 November 1929) was a Polish linguist and Slavist, best known for his theory of the phoneme and phonetic alternations. I.A. Baudouin de Courtenay repeatedly stated that semantically the utterance breaks up into sentences, sentences into significative words, words into mor­phological components or morphemes and morphemes into phonemes. As a morpheme is only divided into components of the same nature as itself: these components - phonemes must also be significative. He admitted the division of morphemes into physical or physio­logical elements to be unjustified in linguistic analysis. He criticized N V. Krushevsky’s conception of this problem. Incidentally, N.V. Krushevsky, was one of his students who introduced the term «phoneme» at the same time as F. de Saussure, an eminent Swiss linguist did. I.A. Baudouin de Courtenay's fundamental ideas had a great influence on the development of later phonological theories both in our country and abroad.

Yüklə 111,88 Kb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   43

Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur © 2024
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə