Highly survivable (physical survivability and robustness). Highly survivable



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Highly survivable (physical survivability and robustness).

  • Highly survivable (physical survivability and robustness).

  • Independent of terrestrial infrastructure.

  • Able to provide load sharing and surge capacity solutions for larger sites.

  • Best for redundancy – then add a layer of path diversity and link availability.



Terrestrial infrastructure is damaged, destroyed or overloaded.

  • Terrestrial infrastructure is damaged, destroyed or overloaded.

  • Interconnecting widely distributed networks.

  • Providing interoperability between disparate systems and networks.

  • Providing broadcasting services over very wide areas such as a country, region or entire hemisphere.

  • Providing connectivity for the “last mile” in cases where fiber networks are simply not available.

  • Providing mobile/transportable wideband and narrowband communications.

  • Natural or manmade disasters occur.



Ubiquitous coverage

  • Ubiquitous coverage

  • Instant Infrastructure

  • Independent of terrestrial infrastructure

  • Temporary network solutions

  • Rapid provisioning of services

  • Capabilities:

    • Fixed-to-Fixed
    • Mobile-to-Mobile
    • Fixed-to-Mobile
    • Point-to-Multipoint




Iridium: a Satellite-based Personal Communication Services (SPCS) system

  • Iridium: a Satellite-based Personal Communication Services (SPCS) system

  • Operating since 1999, currently over 500,000 customers

  • Only communications network to cover 100% of the earth - including the poles

  • Provides reliable communication links where landline or mobile phone connections are unavailable, unreliable or overburdened – including during disaster situations

  • Markets include emergency services, maritime, aviation,, oil and gas exploration, forestry, mining, journalism ...



Disaster Early Warning

  • Disaster Early Warning

  • Damage assessment reporting

    • Mobility required
  • Relief supply logistics support

  • Coordination of search and rescue efforts

    • Injury/death reporting
    • Request for medical team support
    • Coordination of evacuations
  • Facilitating communications between first responders / relief workers and survivors and family members



  • Taiwan Earthquake (1999)

  • South Pole rescue (2001)

  • September 11 (2001)

  • Asian Tsunami (2004)

  • Hurricanes Katrina and Rita(2005)

  • Pakistani Earthquake (2005)

  • Hurricanes Gustav, Hanna and Ike (2008)

  • Haiti and Chilean Earthquakes (2010)

  • Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill (2010)

  • Japanese Tsunami (2011)



Partner: NOAA





System Components

  • System Components

  • Anchored seafloor BPR – Bottom Pressure Recorder

    • Acoustic link transmits data from BPR to buoy
  • Moored surface buoy

    • Real time communications
    • 2-way data transmission through Iridium
  • Iridium Satellite

    • Data relayed across Iridium into Tempe G/W RUDIC’s server
    • Data directly routed to NOAA
    • Dedicated path mitigates latency
    • Global coverage (pole-to-pole)


  • Bold vision for a second-generation satellite constellation

  • Anticipated to begin launching in 2015 – will maintain existing 66 satellite architecture

  • Expand and enhance Iridium's unique capabilities: more power, higher data speeds, IP technology, full backward compatibility

  • Expand services on land, at sea, and in the skies

    • Global voice and data connectivity with increased speeds
    • Machine-to-Machine (M2M) applications including asset tracking and remote monitoring
  • Unmatched coverage means access to remote and rural areas

    • Networks delivers wireless broadband to hard-to-reach areas
    • Supports services in developing countries


Iridium Test Your Satellite Phone Program

  • Iridium Test Your Satellite Phone Program

  • ITU Cooperation Agreement – 66 satellite phones; deployed to Uganda, Zambia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India, China, Kyrgyz Republic, Pakistan and Japan in response to natural disasters.

  • Leadership of ITU-D Rapporteur Group on Disaster Communications and participation in ITU-R and regional (CITEL) studies on disaster communications

  • Membership on FCC Communications Security, Reliability and Interoperability Council's (CSRIC) and State Department International Disaster Response Subcommittee of the Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy (ACICIP)



Lessons learned from previous disasters has led to Iridium to take the following advance measures:

  • Lessons learned from previous disasters has led to Iridium to take the following advance measures:

    • Maintaining stock of equipment for emergencies
    • Working with distribution partners to ensure supply chain continuity and facilitate rapid deployment
    • Equipping phones with solar panels for charging in situations where the electrical grid is damaged
    • Promoting pre-positioning of phones for preparedness
  • Governments should be prepared by:

    • Pre-positioning emergency equipment and solutions
    • Developing alerting and early warning systems
    • Training
    • Maintaining Equipment


Development of emergency preparedness plans by each national regulatory authority

  • Development of emergency preparedness plans by each national regulatory authority

    • clear procedures for emergency authorization
    • names and contact information so communications companies know who to contact
    • liaison points for providing information to customs officials on authorized equipment
  • Advance licensing and type approval

  • Review of the Tampere Convention to determine what regulatory changes are needed to prepare for ratification

  • Work regionally and multilaterally to eliminate barriers and improve response capabilities



  • Questions?

  • Thank you.





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