Introduction to Hawza Studies lesson one



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Introduction to Hawza Studies

  • LESSON ONE

  • Sheikh Safdar Razi


Introduction to Hawza Studies

  • The subjects:

    • Principles of Qur’anic Science
    • Principles of Qur’anic Interpretation
    • Science of Narrations
    • Science of Narrators
    • Logic
    • Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence
    • General Rules of Islamic Jurisprudence
    • Islamic Jurisprudence
    • Arabic Language
    • Theology and Philosophy
    • Ethics and Morals


Principles of Qur'anic Science

  • This subject is focused on the study of the Holy Qur’an, the miracle of Allah (swt), and the ultimate resource of knowledge until the day of judgment.

    • Areas of study include:
      • Recognizing the time frames of descendent for the different chapters of the Qur’an (Meccans and Madinians).
      • Dispelling the misconceptions and confusions about the inimitability of the Qur’an, the Qur’ans’ challenge, and the strength in its knowledge.
      • Understanding how the Qur’an was written and compiled.


Principles of Qur’anic Interpretation

  • This subject focuses on:

    • The types of interpretation.
    • Causes of dissention.
    • The issue of abrogation and all other issues related to the interpretation.
    • Interpretation of the verses of Jurisprudence or laws.


Principles of Narrations - (DIRIYATUL HADEETH)

  • This subject focuses on:

    • Studying the sanad (link) and the matan (Text) of narrations.
    • The history of the science and the fabrication of hadeeth.
    • Types of hadeeth.
    • Authentication of the different types of hadeeth.
    • The major books of hadeeth used in both schools of Jusrisprudence, (ahlul bayt (as) and the comapnions).
    • Authentication of the four books.


Principles of Narrators (USOOL AR-REJAAL)

  • This study focuses on:

    • Studying the sanad (link) of the hadeeth.
    • The history of the science and the fabricators of hadeeth.
    • Levels of the rejaal.
    • Authentication of the Narrators.
    • The major books of narrators (encyclopedia) and the books of the principles of narrators in the school of Ahlul bayt (as).
    • Syed Abulqasim Alkhoei was the reformist in the science of Rejaal.


Logic - ALMANTIQ

  • This study focuses on:

    • How to define, principles of terminology.
    • How to prove and idea or a concept.
    • Types Principles of analogy.
    • Induction, deduction, reasoning.
    • Principles of debate, argument, dialogue, presentation, and sermoning.


Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence - ELM USSOL ALFIQH

  • This is the back bone of the entire study of Jurisprudence and it entails the study of:

    • The logical methodology of Islamic Jurisprudence.
    • The rules needed to understand religious evidences (the texts) i.e. Qur’an and hadeeth.
    • The logical concepts used to deduce Islamic laws.
    • The practical principles which define the practical responsibility in the absence of evidence.
    • Conflicts of evidence and the principles of resolving such conflicts.


General Rules of Jurisprudence

  • This study focuses on:

    • The rules of jurisprudence that can be used by laypeople.
    • The rules that can be used by a mojtahid.
    • The evidence of such rules (QAWAID)


Arabic Language

  • This subject entails the study of:

    • Basic Arabic grammar.
    • Qur'anic grammar.
    • E’raab, analyzing syntax of the Arabic sentence.
    • Us-Sarf, studying the etymology, structure of the Arabic word.
    • Balaghah, the science of eloquence.


Islamic Jurisprudence - FIQH

  • This entails the study of Islamic law of which there are two types:

    • Laws of status (laws pertaining to the self)
    • Laws of action (direction towards and action or prevention from an action)
  • Also, the difference between:

    • A fatwa (law) and a hokm (verdict) is studied.
    • A personal hokm on a subject, and the hokm on a dispute (Judiciary).
  • Understanding the hokm of a mojtahid or hakim (wali alhokm).



Theology and Philosophy

  • Debates and misconceptions about our creed and beliefs (ELAHYAAT)

  • Religion and sects.

  • Introduction to Philosophy.



Ethics and Morals - AKHLAAQ

  • Studying ways to improve the behavior from examples in the Qur’an and life style of Ahlul Bayt (as).

  • Studying the purpose of creation, the knowledge of death and the life, the hereafter, mystic studies, the study of the soul,…..etc.



The Levels of Hawza Education

  • Three levels:

  • Introductory (MOQADIMAAT), basics of understanding the evidences.4-5 years

  • Upper level (SOTOOH) learning the laws and the process of deduction. 4-5 years.

  • Observing the Practice of deduction (EJTIHAAD) performed by MOJTAHID (Bath Kharij or external researches), until a person obtains the skills of EJTIHAAD and becomes a complete Mojtahid.





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