Probiotika, prebiotika a synbiotika

Keren I., Shah D., Spoering A., Kaldalu N., Lewis K. (2004b)

Yüklə 327,44 Kb.
ölçüsü327,44 Kb.
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15

Keren I., Shah D., Spoering A., Kaldalu N., Lewis K. (2004b): Specialized persister cells and the mechanism of multidrug tolerance in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 186: 8172-8180.

Kikuchi T., Minuzoe Y., Takade A., Naito S., Yoshida S. (2005): Curli fibers are required for development of biofilm architecture in Escherichia coli K-12 and enhance bacterial adherence to human uroepithelial cells. 49: 875-884.

Kim G.-B., Yi S.-H., Lee B.H. (2004): Purification and characterization of three different types of bile salt hydrolases from Bifidobacterium strains. J. Dairy Sci. 87: 258-266.

Klemm P., Hjerrild L., Gjermansen M., Schembri M.A. (2004): Structure-function analysis of the self-recognizing Antigen 43 autotransporter protein from Escherichia coli. Mol. Microbiol. 51: 283-296.

Klemm P., Roos V., Ulett G.C., Svanborg C., Schembri M.A. (2006): Molecular characterization of the Escherichia coli asymptomatic bacteriuria strain 83972: the taming of a pathogen. Infect. Immun. 74: 781-785.

Klijn A., Mercenier A., Arigoni F. (2005): Lessons from the genomes of bifidobacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 29: 491-509.

Kubota H., Senda S., Nomura N., Tokuda H., Uchiyama H. (2008): Biofilm formation by lactic acid bacteria and resistance to environmental stress. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 106: 381-386.

Kyne L., Kelly C.P. (2001): Recurrent Clostridium difficile diarrhoea. Gut. 49: 152-153.

Land M.H., Rouster-Stevens K., Woods C.R., Cannon M.L., Cnota J., Shetty A.K. (2005): Lactobacillus sepsis associated with probiotic therapy. Pediatrics. 115: 178-181.

Larsen N., Michaelsen K.F., Pærregaard A., Vogensen F.K., Jakobsen M. (2009): A comparative study on adhesion and recovery of potential probiotic strains of Lactobacillus spp. by in vitro assay and analysis of human colon biopsies. Microb. Ecol. Health Dis. 21: 95-99.

Lasa I. (2006): Towards the identification of the common features of bacterial biofilm development. Int. Microbiol. 9: 21-28.

Lasaro M.A., Salinger N., Zhang J., Wang Y., Zhong Z., Goulian M., Zhu J. (2009): F1C fimbriae play an important role in biofilm formation and intestinal colonization by the Escherichia coli commensal strain Nissle 1917. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 75: 246-251.

Lebeer S., De Keersmaecker S.C.J., Verhoeven T.L.A., Fadda A.A., Marchal K., Vanderleyden J. (2007a): Functional analysis of luxS in the probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG reveals a central metabolic role important for growth and biofilm formation. J. Bacteriol. 189: 860-871.

Lebeer S., Verhoeven T.L.A., Vélez M.P., Vanderleyden J., De Keersmaecker S.C.J. (2007b): Impact of environmental and genetic factors on biofilm formation by the probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73: 6768-6775.

Leclercq R., Curvalin P. (1997): Resistance to glycopeptides in enterococci. Clin. Infect. Dis. 24: 545-556.

Lee M.H., Roussel Y., Wilks M., Tabaqchali S. (2001): Expression of Helicobacter pylori urease subunit B gene in Lactococcus lactis MG1363 and its use as a vaccine delivery system against H. pylori infection in mice. Vaccine. 19: 3927-3935.

Lemon K.P., Earl A.M., Vlamakis H.C., Aguilar C., Kolter R. (2008): Biofilm development with emphasis on Bacillus subtilis. In: Romeo T. (ed.), Bacterial Biofilms, 1-16. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Leroy F., de Vuyst L. (2004): Lactic acid bacteria as functional starter cultures for the food fermentation industry. Trends Food Sci. Technol. 15: 67-78.

Lewis K. (2008): Multidrug tolerance of biofilms and persister cells. In: Romeo T. (ed.), Bacterial Biofilms, 107-131. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Lewis K. (2001): Riddle of biofilm resistance. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 45: 999-1007.

Lilly D.M., Stillwell R.H. (1965): Probiotics: growth-promoting factors produced by microorganisms. Science. 147: 747-748.

Lorca G., Torino M.I., de Valdez G.F., Ljungh Å. (2002): Lactobacilli express cell surface proteins which mediate binding of immobilized collagen and fibronectin. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 206: 31-37.

Lyerly D.M., Krivan H.C., Wilkins T.D. (1988): Clostridium difficile: its disease and toxins. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 1: 1-18.

Macfarlane S., Woodmansey E.J., Macfarlane G.T. (2005): Colonization of mucin by human intestinal bacteria and establishment of biofilm communities in a two-Stage continuous culture systém. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71: 7483-7492.

Madigan M.T., Martinko J.M., Dunlap P.V., Clark D.P. (2009): Brock biology of microorganisms. Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco. 677-678 p.

Mah T.-F.C., O’Toole G.A. (2001): Mechanisms of biofilm resistance to antimicrobial agents. Trends Microbiol. 9: 34-39.

Marteau P., Boutron-Ruault M.C. (2002): Nutritional advantages of probiotics and prebiotics. Br. J. Nutr. 87: S153-S157.

Marteau P., Seksik P., Lepage P., Doré J. (2004): Cellular and physiological effects of probiotics and prebiotics. Mini Rev. Med. Chem. 4: 889-896.

Marteau P., Shanahan F. (2003): Basic aspects and pharmacology of probiotics: an overview of pharmacokinetics, mechanisms of action and side-effects. Basic Best Pract. Res. Clin. Gastroenterol. 17: 725-740.

Mathur S., Singh R. (2005): Antibiotic resistance in food lactic acid bacteria – a review. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 105: 281-295.

McDougald D., Rice S.A., Kjelleberg S. (2007): Bacterial quorum sensing and interference by naturally occurring biomimics. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 387: 445-453.

Millsap K.W., Reid G., van der Mei H.C., Busscher H.J. (1997): Adhesion of Lactobacillus species in urine and phosphate buffer to silicone rubber and glass under flow. Biomaterials. 18: 87-91.

Molin S., Tolker-Nielsen T. (2003): Gene transfer occurs with enhanced efficiency in biofilms and induces enhanced stabilisation of the biofilm structure. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 14: 255-261.

Muñoz-Provencio D., Llopis M., Antolín M., de Torres I., Guarner F., Pérez-Martínez G., Monedero V. (2009): Adhesion properties of Lactobacillus casei strains to resected intestinal fragments and components of the extracellular matrix. Arch. Microbiol. 191: 153-161.

Nagaoka S., Hojo K., Murata S., Mori T., Ohshima T., Maeda N. (2008): Interactions between salivary Bifidobacterium adolescentis and the oral bacteria: in vitro coaggregation and coadhesive assays. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 281: 183-189.

Nagaoka M., Hashimoto S., Watanabe T., Yokokura T., Mori Y. (1994): Anti-ulcer effects of lactic acid bacteria and their cell wall polysaccharides. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 17: 1012-1017.

Niku-Paavola M.-L., Laitila A., Mattila-Sandholm T., Haikara A. (1999): New types of antimicrobial compounds produced by Lactobacillus plantarum. J. Appl. Microbiol. 86: 29-35.

Nybom S.M.K., Salminen S.J., Meriluoto J.A.O. (2007): Removal of microcystin-LR by strains of metabolically active probiotic bacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 270: 27-33.

Olsén A., Arnqvist A., Hammar M., Normark S. (1993): Environmental regulation of curli production in Escherichia coli. Infect. Agents Dis. 2: 272-274.

Ooi L.-G., Liong M.-T. (2010): Cholesterol-lowering effects of probiotics and prebiotics: a review of in vivo and in vitro findings. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11: 2499-2522.

O’Toole G., Kaplan H.B., Kolter R. (2000): Biofilm formation as microbial development. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 54: 49-79.

Ouwehand A.C. (2007): Antiallergic effects of probiotics. J. Nutr. 137: S794-S797.

Ouwehand A.C., Tuomola E.M., Tölkkö S., Salminen S. (2001): Assessment of adhesion properties of novel probiotic strains to human intestinal mucus. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 64: 119-126.

Parvez S., Malik K.A., Ah Kang S., Kim H.-Y. (2006): Probiotics and their fermented food products are beneficial for health. J. Appl. Microbiol. 100: 1171-1185.

Patzer S.I., Baquero M.R., Bravo D., Moreno F., Hantke K. (2003): The colicin G, H and X determinants encode microcins M and H47, which might utilize the catecholate siderophore receptors FepA, Cir, Fiu and IroN. Microbiology. 149: 2557-2570.

Pelletier C., Bouley C., Cayuela C., Bouttier S., Bourlioux P., Bellon-Fontaine M.-N. (1997): Cell surface characteristics of Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei, Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei and Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63: 1725-1731.

Pere A., Leinonen M., Väisänen-Rhen V., Rhen M., Korhonen T.K. (1985): Occurrence of type-1C fimbriae on Escherichia coli strains isolated from human extraintestinal infections. J. Gen. Microbiol. 131: 1705-1711.

Pérez P.F., Minnaard Y., Disalvo E.A., de Antoni G.L. (1998): Surface properties of bifidobacterial strains of human origin. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64: 21-26.

Peterson S.B., Irie Y., Borlee B.R., Murakami K., Harrison J.J., Colvin K.M., Parsek M.R. (2011): Different methods for culturing biofilms in vitro. In: Bjarnsholt T., Moser C., Jensen P.Ø., Høiby N. (eds.), Biofilm Infections, 251-266. Springer, New York.

Pratt L.A., Kolter R. (1998): Genetic analysis of Escherichia coli biofilm formation: roles of flagella, motility, chemotaxis and type I pili. Mol. Microbiol. 30: 285-293.

Pretzer G., Snel J., Molenaar D., Wiersma A., Bron P.A., Lambert J., de Vos W.M., van der Meer R., Smits M.A., Kleerebezem M. (2005): Biodiversity-based identification and functional characterization of the mannose-specific adhesin of Lactobacillus plantarum. J. Bacteriol. 187: 6128-6136.

Prigent-Combaret C., Prensier G., Le Thi T.T., Vidal O., Lejeune P., Dorel C. (2000): Developmental pathway for biofilm formation in curli-producing Escherichia coli strains: role of flagella, curli and colanic acid. Environ. Microbiol. 2: 450-464.

Prigent-Combaret C., Vidal O., Dorel C., Lejeune P. (1999): Abiotic surface sensing and biofilm-dependent regulation of gene expression in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 181: 5993-6002.

Ramey B.E., Koutsoudis M., von Bodman S.B., Fuqua C. (2004): Biofilm formation in plant-microbe associations. Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 7: 602-609.

Rani S.A., Pitts B., Beyenal H., Veluchamy R.A., Lewandowski Z., Davison W.M., Buckingham-Meyer K., Stewart P.S. (2007): Spatial patterns of DNA replication, protein synthesis, and oxygen concentration within bacterial biofilms reveal diverse physiological states. J. Bacteriol. 189: 4223-4233.

Reid G., Jass J., Sebulsky M.T., McCormick J.K. (2003): Potential uses of probiotics in clinical practice. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 16: 658-672.

Rendón M.A., Saldaña Z., Erdem A.L., Monteiro-Neto V., Vázquez A., Kaper J.B., Puente J.L., Girón J.A. (2007): Commensal and pathogenic Escherichia coli use a common pilus adherence factor for epithelial cell colonization. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 104: 10637-10642.

Riedel C.U., Foata F., Goldstein D.R., Blum S., Eikmanns B.J. (2006): Interaction of bifidobacteria with Caco-2 cells – adhesion and impact on expression profiles. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 110: 62-68.

Rodionov D.A., Vitreschak A.G., Mironov A.A., Gelfand M.S. (2004): Comparative genomics of the methionine metabolism in gram-positive bacteria: a variety of regulatory systems. Nucleic Acids Res. 32: 3340-3353.

Roos S., Jonsson H. (2002): A high-molecular-mass cell-surface protein from Lactobacillus reuteri 1063 adheres to mucus components. Microbiology. 148: 433-442.

Roos V., Schembri M.A., Ulett G.C., Klemm P. (2006): Asymptomatic bacteriuria Escherichia coli strain 83972 carries mutations in the foc locus and is unable to express F1C fimbriae. Microbiology. 152: 1799-1806.

Ross R.P., Fitzgerald G., Collins K., Stanton C. (2002): Cheese delivering biocultures - probiotic cheese. Aust. J. Dairy. Tech. 57: 71-78.

Ruas-Madiedo P., Gueimonde M., Arigoni F., de los Reyes-Gavilán C.G., Margolles A. (2009): Bile affects the synthesis of exopolysaccharides by Bifidobacterium animalis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 75: 1204-1207.

Ruas-Madiedo P., Hugenholtz J., Zoon P. (2002): An overview of the functionality of exopolysaccharides produced by lactic acid bacteria. Int. Dairy. J. 12: 163-171.

Saavedra J.M., Bauman N.A., Oung I., Perman J.A., Yolken R.H. (1994): Feeding of Bifidobacterium bifidum and Streptococcus thermophilus to infants in hospital for prevention of diarrhoea and shedding of rotavirus. Lancet. 344: 1046-1049.

Sakamoto I., Igarashi M., Kimura K., Takagi A., Miwa T., Koga Y. (2001): Suppressive effect of Lactobacillus gasseri OLL 2716 (LG21) on Helicobacter pylori infection in humans. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 47: 709-710.

Salazar N., Prieto A., Leal J.A., Mayo B., Bada-Gancedo J.C., de los Reyes-Gavilán C.G., Ruas-Madiedo P. (2009): Production of exopolysaccharides by Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains of human origin and metabolic activity of the producing bacteria in milk. J. Dairy Sci. 92: 4158-4168.

Salminen M.K., Rautelin H., Tynkkynen S., Poussa T., Saxelin M., Valtonen V., Järvinen A. (2006): Lactobacillus bacteremia, species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of 85 blood isolates. Clin. Infect. Dis. 42: e36-44.

Salminen S.J., Gueimonde M., Isolauri E. (2005): Probiotics that modify disease risk. J. Nutr. 135: 294-1298.

Salminen S., Nybom S., Meriluoto J., Collado M.C., Vesterlund S., El-Nezami H. (2010): Interaction of probiotics and pathogens – benefits to human health? Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 21: 157-167.

Salminen S., von Wright A., Morelli L., Marteau P., Brassart D., de Vos W.M., Fondén R., Saxelin M., Collins K., Mogensen G., Birkenland S.-E., Mattila-Sandholm T. (1998): Demonstration of safety of probiotics – a review. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 44: 93-106

Saxelin M., Tynkkynen S., Mattila-Sandholm T., de Vos W.M. (2005): Probiotic and other functional microbes: from markets to mechanisms. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16: 204-211.

Schembri M.A., Dalsgaard D., Klemm P. (2004): Capsule shields the function of short bacterial adhesins. J. Bacteriol. 186: 1249-1257.

Scholz-Ahrens K.E., Ade P., Marten B., Weber P., Timm W., Asil Y., Glüer C.-C., Schrezenmeir J. (2007): Prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics affect mineral absorption, bone mineral content and bone structure. J. Nutr. 137: S838-S846.

Schooling S.R., Beveridge T.J. (2006): Membrane vesicles: an overlooked component of the matrices of biofilms. J. Bacteriol. 188: 5945-5957.

Schwabb J.H. (1993): Phlogistic properties of peptidoglycan-polysaccharide polymers from cell walls of pathogenic and normal-flora bacteria which colonise humans. Infect. Immun. 61: 4535-4539.

Scott K.P. (2002): The role of conjugative transposons in spreading antibiotic resistance between bacteria that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 59: 2071-2082.

Sekhon B.S., Jairath S. (2010): Prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics: an overview. J. Pharm. Educ. Res. 1: 13-36.

Sheil B., McCarthy J., O’Mahony L., Bennett M.W., Ryan P., Fitzgibbon J.J., Kiely B., Collins J.K., Shanahan F. (2004): Is the mucosal route of administration essential for probiotic function? Subcutaneous administration is associated with attenuation of murine colitis and arthritis. Gut. 53: 694-700.

Songisepp E., Kullisaar T., Hütt P., Elias P., Brilene T., Zilmer M., Mikelsaar M. (2004): A new probiotic cheese with antioxidative and antimicrobial activity. J. Dairy Sci. 87: 2017-2023.

Spoering A.L., Gilmore M.S. (2006): Quorum sensing and DNA release in bacterial biofilms. Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 9: 133-137.

Spormann A.M. (2008): Physiology of microbes in biofilms. In: Romeo T. (ed.), Bacterial Biofilms, 17-36. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Stanton C., Ross R.P., Fitzgerald G.F., Van Sinderen D. (2005): Fermented functional foods based on probiotics and their biogenic metabolites. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16: 198-203.

Steidler L. (2003): Genetically engineered probiotics. Best Pract. Res. Clin. Gastroenterol. 17: 861-876.

Stewart P.S., Franklin M.J. (2008): Physiological heterogeneity in biofilms. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 6: 199-210.

Stewart P.S., Murga R., Srinivasan R., de Beer D. (1995): Biofilm structural heterogeneity visualized by three microscopic methods. Wat. Res. 29: 2006-2009.

Stoodley P., Lewandowski Z., Boyle J.D., Lappin-Scott H.M. (1999): The formation of migratory ripples in a mixed species bacterial biofilm growing in turbulent flow. Environ. Microbiol. 1: 447-455.

Sun J., Daniel R., Wagner-Döbler I., Zeng A.-P. (2004): Is autoinducer-2 a universal signal for interspecies communication: a comparative genomic and phylogenetic analysis of the synthesis and signal transduction pathways. BMC Evol. Biol. 4: 36-46.

Szomolay B., Klapper I., Dockery J., Stewart P.S. (2005): Adaptive responses to antimicrobial agents in biofilms. Environ. Microbiol. 7: 1186-1191.

Takano T. (2002): Anti-hypertensive activity of fermented dairy products containing biogenic peptides. Anton. Leeuw. Int. J. G. 82: 333-340.

Talarico T.L., Dobrogosz W.J. (1989): Chemical characterization of an antimicrobial substance produced by Lactobacillus reuteri. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 33: 674-679.

Tan K.P., Yang M., Ito S. (2007): Activation of nuclear factor (erythroid-2 like) factor 2 by toxic bile acids provokes adaptive defense responses to enhance cell survival at the emergence of oxidative stress. Mol. Pharmacol. 72: 1380-1390.

Tannock G.W., Ghazally S., Walter J., Loach D., Brooks H., Cook G., Surette M., Simmers C., Bremer P., Dal Bello F., Hertel C. (2005): Ecological behavior of Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23 is affected by mutation of the luxS gene. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71: 8419-8425.

Thormann K.M., Saville R.M., Shukla S., Spormann A.M. (2005): Induction of rapid detachment in Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 biofilms. J. Bacteriol. 187: 1014-1021.

Timmerman H.M., Koning C.J.M., Mulder L., Rombouts F.M., Beynen A.C. (2004): Monostrain, multistrain and multispecies probiotics - a comparison of functionality and efficacy. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 96: 219-233.

Tuomola E.M., Salminen S.J. (1998): Adhesion of some probiotic and dairy Lactobacillus strains to Caco-2 cell cultures. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 41: 45-51.

Valeur N., Engel P., Carbajal N., Connolly E., Ladefoged K. (2004): Colonization and immunomodulation by Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 in the human gastrointestinal tract. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70: 1176-1181.

Van Loosdrecht M.C.M., Heijnen J.J., Eberl H., Kreft J., Picioreanu C. (2002): Mathematical modelling of biofilm structures. Anton. Leeuw. Int. J. G. 81: 245-256.

Vélez M.P., Petrova M.I., Lebeer S., Verhoeven T.L.A., Claes I., Lambrichts I., Tynkkynen S., Venderleyden J., De Keersmaecker S.C.J. (2010): Characterization of MabA, a modulator of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG adhesion and biofilm formation. FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 59: 386-398.

Waite R.D., Papakonstantinopoulou A., Littler E., Curtis M.A. (2005): Transcriptome analysis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa growth: comparison of gene expression in planktonic cultures and developing and mature biofilms. J. Bacteriol. 187: 6571-6576.

Wang X., Preston III J.F., Romeo T. (2004): The pgaABCD locus of Escherichia coli promotes the synthesis of a polysaccharide adhesin required for biofilm formation. J. Bacteriol. 186: 2724-2734.

Wang Y.-B., Li J.-R., Lin J. (2008): Probiotics in aquaculture: challenges and outlook. Aquaculture. 281: 1-4.

Wang T.T., Lee B.H. (1997): Plasmids in Lactobacillus. Crit. Rev. Biotechnol. 17: 227-272.

Weber H., Pesavento C., Possling A., Tischendorf G., Hengge R (2006): Cyclic-di-GMP-mediated signalling within the sigma network of Escherichia coli. Mol. Microbiol. 62: 1014-1034.

Werner E., Roe F., Bugnicourt A., Franklin M.J., Heydorn A., Molin S., Pitts B., Stewart P.S. (2004): Stratified growth in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 70: 6188-6196.

Weston S., Halbert A., Richmond P., Prescott S.L. (2005): Effects of probiotics on atopic dermatitis: a randomised controlled trial. Arch. Dis. Child. 90: 892-897.

Whitchurch C.B., Tolker-Nielsen T., Ragas P.C., Mattick J.S. (2002): Extracellular DNA required for bacterial biofilm formation. Science. 295: 1487.

Willcock L., Gilbert P., Holah J., Wirtanen G., Allison D.G. (2000): A new technique for the performance evaluation of clean-in-place disinfection of biofilms. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25: 235-241.

Wollowski I., Rechkemmer G., Pool-Zobel B.L. (2001): Protective role of probiotics and prebiotics in colon cancer. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 73: S451-S455.

Yeo S.K., Liong M.T. (2010): Angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity and bioconversion of isoflavones by probiotics in soymilk supplemented with prebiotics. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 61: 161-181.

Zegers N.D., Kluter E., van der Stap H., van Dura E., van Dalen P., Shaw M., Baillie L. (1999): Expression of the protective antigen of Bacillus anthracis by Lactobacillus casei: towards the development of an oral vaccine against anthrax. J. Appl. Microbiol. 87: 309-314.

Internetové zdroje: Sigma-Tau Pharmaceuticals, Inc. [cit. 30. dubna 2011]

Yüklə 327,44 Kb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15

Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur © 2024
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə