Theme Sufbixes and prefixes



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Sufbixes and prefixes
КМТ 15-амалий, КМТ 7-практика

Theme Sufbixes and prefixes
Contents

  • 1English language

    • 1.1List of English derivational prefixes

    • 1.2Hyphenation

  • 2Japanese language

  • 3Bantu languages

    • 3.1Example from Luganda

  • 4Navajo

  • 5Sunwar

  • 6Russian

  • 7German

  • 1Examples

    • 1.1English

    • 1.2French

    • 1.3German

    • 1.4Russian

    • 1.5Barngarla

  • 2Inflectional suffixes

  • 3Derivation

  • 4Synthetic languages

prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.[1] Adding it to the beginning of one word changes it into another word. For example, when the prefix un- is added to the word happy, it creates the word unhappy. Particularly in the study of languages, a prefix is also called a preformative, because it alters the form of the words to which it is affixed.


Prefixes, like other affixes, can be either inflectional, creating a new form of the word with the same basic meaning and same lexical category (but playing a different role in the sentence), or derivational, creating a new word with a new semantic meaning and sometimes also a different lexical category.[2] Prefixes, like all other affixes, are usually bound morphemes.[1]
In English, there are no inflectional prefixes; English uses suffixes instead for that purpose.
The word prefix is itself made up of the stem fix (meaning "attach", in this case), and the prefix pre- (meaning "before"), both of which are derived from Latin roots.

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