TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING DEPARTMENT
DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF
PINJORE-KALKA URBAN COMPLEX FOR THE PERSPECTIVE YEAR 2031AD
Pinjore-Kalka towns are situated on Ambala-Shimla National Highway No. 5. Both the towns fall within the
Periphery Controlled Area declared vide notification No. 2415-IVDP-72/1329 the 21
March, 1972, in exercise of
the powers conferred by section-3 of the Punjab New Capital (Periphery) Control Act, 1952, Amendment Act 1972.
The Development Plan for Periphery Controlled Area is already approved vide Drawing No. DTP (P) 1151/2010
dated the 10
February, 2010 in which the area around Pinjore-Kalka towns is proposed as urbanisable area for
further development of these towns.
These towns have their own historic back ground. The historic temple of Mata Maha Kali is
located at Kalka from which Kalka town derives its name. Kalka was earlier part of Patiala-Estate but in 1896 the
British annexed it with District Shimla. In 1899 Kalka was made part of District Ambala and later on 15
1995 when Panchkula District was created Kalka town become part of District Panchkula. Now it is also a sub-
division. The Britishers during their regime built broad gauge railway line between Ambala-Kalka and further
connected it with Shimla through narrow gauge Railway line. The town witnessed development during British rule as
it was a gateway to Himachal.
Pinjore town also has its own historic importance. About 5,000 years ago this town was known as Panchpur.
It is also believed that the Pandvas stayed here during their exile period. At that time there were thick forests in this
region. The Laksha grah in which Duryodhan wanted to kill Pandvas through conspiracy was also built at Pinjore.
Prior to independence Pinjore was part of Sirmour Estate. Later on it came under Patiala Estate and then in 1966 it
was transferred to Haryana. HMT is located at Pinjore, which also has its Residential Colony within the same
premises. Civil Aviation Club is also located at a distance of 5 kms, from Pinjore on Pinjore-Nalagarh National
Highway No. 21-A. This Club provides training to Commercial Pilots and rides on gliders, to tourists, which is an
Both the towns are situated at a distance of 5 kms, and are within limits of Municipal Corporation
Panchkula. Due to strategic location on NH No.5 the development has taken place on both sides of the National
Highway hence there is no gap between these two towns. As such as integrated Development Plan has been prepared
for these towns.
These towns are situated on the Shivalik Foothills. The area along NH- 5 and NH-21A is fairly leveled but
as one moves further, the area is mainly characterized with hills, Kaushlya, Sirsa and Jhajjar are the main rivulets in
the Urbanisable area, Kaushlya and Jhajjar Nadi meet river Ghaggar near Chandimandir cantonment. There are
number of Nallahs flowing through the towns. The slope is from North to South. The urbansiable area is also
bounded by reserved/Protected forest on Northern East and Southern West side.
EXISTING POPULATION STRUCTURE AND PROJECTED POPULATION
The population structure of Kalka-Pinjore towns and the villages falling in the urbanisable area, as per
census is as follows:-
Growth rate in %
Say 5 lac
The population of Pinjore and Kalka towns including area forming part of Development Plan according to
Census 2011 is 1,21,058 with a decadal growth of 56% and keeping in view the growth rate of past decades and
other factors like location of the towns it is assumed that the growth rate for the decade 2011-21 would be 100% and
for the block 2021-31 would be is again expected to be 100%. The projected population for the year 2031 is
assumed as 4, 84,000 persons (say 5lac). The growth rate is assumed on higher side to that of the natural rate
because of the following reasons:-
The towns are well connected with Railway Line. The Ambala-Shimla NH-5 passes through these
towns and Pinjore-Nalagarh NH-21 A is also an important link connecting Barotiwala and Baddi
Industrial Estates developed by Himachal Pradesh Government at a distance of 10 kms. approx., from
For adequate residential facilities and higher order educational and medical facilities the people
working in these industrial estates are dependent on Chandigarh and adjacent towns.
Panchkula is already developed. HUDA has under taken development works in Panchkula Extension
and Mansa Devi Urban Complex. There is no scope of further expansion of Panchkula. Due to above
reason these towns would witness unprecedented growth rate.
EXISTING BUILT UP AREA
PROPOSED LAND USES
Sr. No. Land uses
Area in Hectare Percentage
Transport and Communication
Public & Semi Public
(Existing & Proposed) (965.59 + 3811.73)
The built up area within urbanisable zone is 965.59 Hectare having population of 1, 21,058 persons as per
2011 census data. So the built up area of 965.59 Hectare accommodates the total of 1, 21,058 persons. It is assumed
that area of 3811.73 Hectare will accommodate an additional population of 3,79,000 persons up to 2031 AD at the
proposed density of 100 persons per Hectare. In view of the location of the town it is proposed to be developed as
low density town.
In addition to the area within the Municipal boundaries of Pinjore and Kalka Residential Colonies HMT,
Amravati Enclave has also come up. Outside M.C. limit with the approval of the Govt. keeping in view the trend of
existing development the residential sectors have been proposed in the area lying on both sides of NH-5 between
Pinjore and Kalka, adjacent to HMT colony and Amravati Enclave. An area of 1100.13 Hectare has been proposed as
residential which will accommodate the total population 3,79,000 persons by assuming density of 300 persons per
Hectare. The population of 1, 21,058 persons already assumed to be accommodated in the built up area. The total
ultimate population of 5, 00,000 persons will be adjusted in the proposal of Development plan upto 2031 AD.
At present the Commercial area mainly exists along the NH-5 in both the towns. Additional Commercial
area of 243.32 Hectare is proposed in the form of Commercial belts along the 60 Mts. wide road linking Nalagarh
Road with Kalka Town. The area between Kaushalya River & NH-5 near Surajpur is also proposed to be developed
as Commercial Sector 1 & 6 and sector 22 proposed as city centre and sector-31-A as District Centre. A commercial