3 records, 1917–1979 (max. 6 birds).
yet they are (or were) the largest area of freshwater marsh in the western Palearctic. Efforts were
made by BirdLife International to carry out joint surveys in 1988–1989; although an invitation
was received from Baghdad, it was almost immediately postponed. Subsequent developments
have unfortunately made the prospect of any surveys in the near future remote. No specific
conservation measures for the Slender-billed Curlew are known; meanwhile the destruction of
the marshes continues apace (see above, under habitat loss).
76 records, 1900–1993 (max. 7 birds), plus 6 unconfirmed records. In winter 1994-1995
Comacchio/Ravenna coast (part SPA); Circeo National Park (SPA); Laguna di
Orbetello/Maremma National Park (both SPAs).
Curlews are not listed as legal quarry species, and are thus to be considered protected.
Legislation is nevertheless needed for their strict protection, with substantial penalties applicable;
this would best be achieved by including the species on the special protection list. Black-tailed
Godwit was removed from the quarry list in 1991–1992, but is now listed again. During 1994
there was considerable confusion concerning hunting proposals (N. Baccetti in litt.). On the one
hand there was a proposal (a circular from the Minister of Agriculture, no. 16, 15/7/94) to again
remove Black-tailed Godwit from the list of quarry species, specifically in order to avoid
confusion with Slender-billed Curlew. On the other hand some hunting organisations proposed
the addition of Eurasian Curlew and Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica to the list of quarry
species; the first proposal in June 1994 was stopped following intervention by LIPU.
There are 1.5 million registered hunters, with much uncontrolled hunting occurring next to (and
part in the BirdLife International project and the recent ACNAT project. A workshop was held
on the species at Arosio on 27–29 March 1992, and produced a declaration for intended
circulation among hunting organisations.
Discussions between LIPU and government representatives on the preparation of a national
flock observed in 1994-95. This flock mainly frequented wetlands in the Golfo de Manfredonia
which are formally protected, but which are regularly shot over.
4 records, 1921–1991 (max. 3 birds), plus 31 records, inc. 17 summering, mapped in
The Slender-billed Curlew is included in the Kazakhstan Red Data Book, and is thus presumably
protected, but the exact situation is not known. No other specific conservation measures are
known to date.
53 records, 1939–1994 (max. 500–800 birds), plus 3 unconfirmed records.
All curlew species are protected, but not godwits; prior to 1990 all curlews, including Slender-
billed, were listed as quarry species. In 1979 there were 50,000 hunters, with the number rising
annually, plus visiting hunters (Bergier 1987). Hunting has been permitted at Merja Mellah, in
the northern part of the Merja Zerga Biological Reserve (poaching also occurs elsewhere in the
reserve). In December 1989 one of the three Slender-billed Curlews was shot and wounded near
Merja Mellah, adding considerable pressure to the calls for hunting to be banned from the whole
area (this is expected to occur before the end of 1994: Eaux et Forêts staff, verbally).
The species has occurred widely along the Atlantic coast of Morocco, but the areas in the south,
put into surveys and research on the species. BirdLife International supported work in the
1987/88 winter (van den Berg 1988), and made visits to Merja Zerga in January 1989 and 1990
(Gretton 1991). Peace Corps volunteers, notably H. Cooper, also made observations during this
winter. Several surveys were carried out in the 1993/94 winter, under the ACNAT project
(Agbani and Dakki, Franchimont, in European Commission 1994).
16 records, 1966–1989 (max. 30 birds).
The Berne Convention entered into force in 1993 following ratification by Romania, but there is
no implementing law and the Slender-billed Curlew is not protected by specific legislation.
Other species of large wader remain legal quarry (open season mid–August to mid–March).
There is apparently little interest in shooting waders, however, among the 60,000 hunters in
Romania. In 1989 the fine for shooting a curlew out of season was about £5. All records of the
species but one have been from the Danube delta, particularly the saltmarsh areas at Istria and
Razelm-Sinoie. Since 1989 the conservation prospects of the delta have improved dramatically,
with several agencies now involved in protecting and managing the delta, which is now a
9 records, 1908–1991 (max. 3 birds), plus Ushakov's records near Tara.
Data Book. It is in theory therefore protected, but in some areas this seems to apply only during
the breeding season. New hunting laws are being prepared at present. Members of the Russian
Federation are also free to introduce their own laws. Other curlews and godwits are legal quarry.
Searches for the breeding grounds were carried out annually during 1989–1995 by A. K. Yurlov,
Agriculture). Searches were also carried out near Barnaul (Chupin et al. 1994) and Chelyabinsk.
This work will continue until at least 1996, under an agreement of cooperation signed in 1994
(see introduction above).