INDEPENDENT TEACHING ACTIVITIES
if credits are awarded for separate components of the course, e.g. lectures, laboratory exercises, etc. If the credits are awarded for the whole of the course, give the weekly teaching hours and the total credits
WEEKLY TEACHING HOURS
Add rows if necessary. The organisation of teaching and the teaching methods used are described in detail at (d).
special background, specialised general knowledge, skills development
Upon completion of the course, students will be able:
To distinguish the steps of evolution of technology and automata from ancient times until today.
To identify the basic concepts related to the technology of automatic control.
To carve the road leading from the desire to the result, as it is indicated from the vision to the implementation of automata through their evolution from mythical to Hellenistic automata.
To modify the motion of a body by means of an external energy source to its own self-motion by means of an internal source of energy.
To combine the progress of science and technology of automatic control with other sciences, social development and culture of man from ancient Greek tradition to the Renaissance, the Industrial Revolution and the modern era.
Taking into consideration the general competences that the degree-holder must acquire (as these appear in the Diploma Supplement and appear below), at which of the following does the course aim?
Search for, analysis and synthesis of data and information, with the use of the necessary technology
Showing social, professional and ethical responsibility and sensitivity to gender issues
Criticism and self-criticism
Production of free, creative and inductive thinking
The study of the historical evolution of Technology and Automata develops the ability to investigate the technological methods and inventions, to analyze concepts and data, especially the properties of living beings, and to create self-motivated and self-controlled machines able to replace the man.
The teamwork, of two or more students, develops the skills of collectivity, dialogue, communication and cooperation.
The course develops the interdisciplinary approach, expanding the research area in many fields and disciplines and connecting technology with history, art and culture. It also cultivates the spirit of researchand the production of novel ideas, impelling students towards innovation and creation.
The variety of innovations in the world and throughout the centuries exceeds both the technical and national boundaries, enhancing therefore the respect to diversity and multiculturalism.
The continuous search for new methods to overcome the technical limits, for different ways to build modern machines, for new solutions arising from the utilization of prior experience and practice, leading to the growing of free, creative and inductive thinking.
Introduction to the History of Technology and Automata – Basic concepts.
Parallel evolution of Technology and Society – The main periods that characterize the History of Technology and the role of Automata during these periods.
The Homeric Shield of Achilles as an example of the transition from poetic description to technical creation.
Mythical Technology and mythical Automata – The Automata as a vision.
Technology in Herodotus - The first historical Automata in the Mediterranean.
The evolution of the Greek technical conception of flight – Daedalos, Archytas, Kleoitas.
The philosophical prehistory of automatic control in the pre-Socratic and classical times – Contradiction, Feedback, Cybernetics.
The evolution of Greek technical conception of time measurement – Self-regulating hydraulic clocks and the Antikythera Mechanism.
The engineers from Alexandria – Ktesibios, Filon and Heron. Programming of motion and closed loop automatic control systems in the Hellenistic period.
Meta-Hellenistic, Byzantine and Arabic automata.
Automata and European Renaissance – Leonardo da Vinci.
Automata and Industrial Revolution – The innovations that led to the first steam engine.
Modern evolution of automatic control.
TEACHING and LEARNING METHODS - EVALUATION
Face-to-face, Distance learning, etc.
USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY
Use of ICT in teaching, laboratory education, communication with students
Teaching and communication with the students using Information & Communication Technology
The manner and methods of teaching are described in detail.
Lectures, seminars, laboratory practice, fieldwork, study and analysis of bibliography, tutorials, placements, clinical practice, art workshop, interactive teaching, educational visits, project, essay writing, artistic creativity, etc. The student's study hours for each learning activity are given as well as the hours of non-directed study according to the principles of the ECTS
Description of the evaluation procedure Language of evaluation, methods of evaluation, summative or conclusive, multiple choice questionnaires, short-answer questions, open-ended questions, problem solving, written work, essay/report, oral examination, public presentation, laboratory work, clinical examination of patient, art interpretation, other Specifically-defined evaluation criteria are given, and if and where they are accessible to students.
Written examinations without project: 100%
Written project and its presentation: 40%
& written examinations: 60%
Καλλιγερόπουλος Δ., Βασιλειάδου Σ., Ιστορία της Τεχνολογίας και των Αυτομάτων, Σύγχρονη Εκδοτική, Αθήνα 2005.
Καλλιγερόπουλος Δ., Μύθος και Ιστορία της αρχαίας ελληνικής τεχνολογίας και των αυτομάτων, Εκδ. Καστανιώτη, Αθήνα 1999, ISBN 960 03 2384 4.
Καλλιγερόπουλος Δ., Αυτοματοποιητική Ήρωνα του Αλεξανδρινού, Αθήνα 1996, ISBN 960 90520 02.