247 Eralingua: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Asing dan Sastra Vol. 4, No. 2, August 2020 Contrastive Study of Chinese and Indonesian
Karina Fefi Laksana Sakti 1 , Sunarti 2 , Aiga Ventivani 3 Chinese Study Program, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang
Submitted: 13/12/2019 Revised: 19/03/2020 Accepted: 02/05/2020 E-ISSN : 2579-4574 P-ISSN : 2549-7359 Abstract. The purpose of this study was to compare Chinese and Indonesian passive
sentences. This article belongs to the description of qualitative research. The research
methods used in this paper are description and contrastive analysis method. The data
source of this research is the Chinese and Indonesian references. The data of this research
are in the form of descriptions of Mandarin passive sentences and Indonesian passive
sentences. Data collection techniques in this research is to collect data relevant to research
from various sources then arranged, analyzed, and drawn conclusions.
First of all, describe
the syntactic structures of Chinese and ndonesian passive sentences. Then comparing the
syntactic structures of Chinese and ndonesian passive sentences to find out the difference
of syntactic structures between Chinese and Indonesian passive sentences.
The same point
between Chinese and Indonesian passive syntactic structures is that both languages can
change from active sentences to passive sentences, and sometimes there is no promoter.
The difference between Chinese and Indonesian passive sentences lies in the position of the
promoter; the morphology of predicate verb of Chinese passive sentences and Chinese
active sentences are same, while the morphology of predicate verb of Indonesian Passive
Sentences active sentences is different; and passive sentences in Indonesian can carry
single verb. The predicate verb of the passive sentence in Chinese cannot be a single verb.