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Department of Labour

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
No R. 1250: Basic Conditions of Employment Act: Sectoral Determination 6: Private Security Sector
I, Membathisi Mphumzi Shepherd Mdladlana, Minister of Labour, in terms of section 51(1) of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, No. 75 of 1997 make a Sectoral Determination establishing conditions of employment for employees in the Private Security Sector, South Africa, which appears in the schedule hereto and fix the second Monday after the date of publication of this notice as the date from which the provisions of the said Sectoral Determination shall be binding.

TABLE OF CONTENTS




  1. Area and scope of application

  2. Definitions

  3. Remuneration

  4. Payment of remuneration

  5. Ordinary hours of work, overtime and payment for overtime

  6. Annual bonus

  7. Public holidays

  8. Sunday work

  9. Annual leave

  10. Sick leave

  11. Family responsibility leave

  12. Maternity leave

  13. Written particulars of employment

  14. Keeping of records

  15. Presumption as to who is an employee

  16. Weapons, uniforms, overalls and protective clothing

  17. Prohibition of employment of children

  18. Prohibition of forced labour

  19. Termination of employment

  20. Severance pay

  21. Certificate of service

  22. Attendance register

  23. Variation by Minister

Annexure A – Certificate of Service

Annexure B – Attendance Register





  1. Areas and scope of application




    1. This determination shall apply in the Republic of South Africa to every employer in the Private Security Sector as defined in sub clause (2), and to all employees in that sector, except those employers and employees referred to in sub clause (3)



    2. Private Security Sector” means the sector in which employers and employees are associated for the purpose of guarding or protecting fixed property, premises, goods, persons or employees, including monitoring and responding to alarms at premises which are guarded by persons or by electronic means.



    3. The provisions of this determination shall not apply –

      1. to a manager as defined in clause 2(28); or




      1. to any employer or employee who is subject to an agreement of a bargaining council in terms of the Labour Relations Act, 1995.




    1. For the purposes of determining the wage rate applicable to an employee, the area where the employee performs the employer’s duties shall be the area contemplated in clause 3 sub clause (1) irrespective of whether or not the employer has an establishment in that area.




    1. Subject to the provisions of the National Keypoint Act, 1980, this determination shall also apply to employers and employees who provide security services at National Key Points.




  1. Definitions

For the purposes of this determination, unless the context otherwise indicates, any expression used herein which is defined in the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, No. 75 of 1997, has the same meaning as in that Act and an employee shall be deemed to be in that class in which the employee is wholly or mainly engaged.





    1. area” includes any number of areas, whether or not closest;




    1. artisan” means an employee who has completed or is deemed to have completed a contract of apprenticeship in a trade designated or deemed to have been designated in terms of the Manpower Training Act, 1981, or who holds a certificate issued or deemed to have been issued to the employee by the Registrar of Manpower Training and conferring Artisan status on the employee in term of that Act, and any other employee engaged in work normally performed by an Artisan except where specifically otherwise provided in this determination;




    1. basic condition of employment” means a provision of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, No 75 of 1997;




    1. cargo security officer” means an employee who guards cargo on a ship;




    1. casual employee” means an employee without a fixed contract of employment who works not more than 24 hours in any week;




    1. category A” in relation to a security officer, means an employee whose ordinary hours of work do not exceed 48 hours in a week;




    1. category B” in relation to a security officer, means an employee whose ordinary hours of work do not exceed 50 hours in a week;




    1. child” means a person who is under 18 years of age;




    1. clerical assistant” means an employee who is engaged in any one or more of the following duties:




      1. adding or subtracting, including making use of a machine;




      1. checking attendance registers or entering particulars in connection with employees who are absent or present or the time spent by employees on different tasks at establishments or places of employment;




      1. filing documents according to written instructions or a list, in any order;




      1. interpreting or translating languages;




      1. issuing passes or preparing certificates of service;




      1. issuing time cards;




      1. preparing wage or time cards;




      1. recording particulars of annual or sick leave;




      1. recording particulars in registers otherwise than by means of a typewriter;




      1. recording the engagement, dismissal or resignation of employees, including any necessary entries in an employee’s file or documents; or




      1. transferring names and addresses from compiled documents to envelopes, labels or circulars otherwise than by means of a typewriter;




    1. clerk” means an employee who is engaged in writing, typing or filing or in any other form of clerical work and includes a cashier, storeman, a telephone switch-board operator, and who may make up money into specified amounts and place such money in envelopes or other containers, but does not include any other class of employee elsewhere defined in this clause, notwithstanding the fact that clerical work may form part of such employee’s work;




    1. controller (stock)” means an employee who controls or checks the issuing or receiving of uniforms, overalls, protective clothing, batons, handcuffs, flashlights, firearms, ammunition or other equipment and who may keep the necessary records;




    1. Control Centre Operator” and “Communication Centre Operator” means a security officer who is utilised in an administrative capacity in a control centre or communication centre and who may be called upon to perform any or all of the duties of a clerk;




    1. day” means a period of 24 consecutive hours reckoned from the time such employee commences work and daily has a corresponding meaning;




    1. driver” means an employee, other than a security officer, grade A, B or C, who drives a motor vehicle, and for the purposes of this definition the expression “drives a motor vehicle” includes all periods during which an employee drives, all time spent of work connected with the vehicle or the load, and all periods during which the employee is obliged to remain at the post in readiness to drive;




    1. emergency work” means work that is required to be done without delay owing to circumstances for which the employer could not reasonably have been expected to make provision and which cannot be performed by employees during their ordinary hours of work;




    1. employee” means any person who works for another person or who in any manner assists in carrying on or conducting the business of an employer, and who receives, or is entitled to receive any remuneration; and “employed” and “employment” have a corresponding meaning, and which also includes –




      1. in-house security officers, performing the duties as defined in sub clauses (41) to (46), who do not fall under the jurisdiction of any other wage determination, sectoral determination or bargaining council agreement;




    1. establishment” means the premises from which an employer conducts business;




    1. experience” means, in relation to –




      1. a clerk, the total period or periods of employment that an employee has had as a clerk in any trade or industry or in the service of a local authority or the State;




      1. a clerical assistant, the total period or periods of employment that an employee has had as a clerical assistant in any trade or industry or in the service of a local authority or the State;




    1. general worker” means an employee who is engaged in any one or more of the following duties:




      1. affixing postage stamps to letters, parcels or other articles;




      1. affixing rubber stamps or serial numbers where discretion is not required;




      1. assisting an Artisan by holding articles or tools or working with the Artisan without making independent use of any tools;




      1. assisting on vehicles, otherwise than driving, guarding or repairing such vehicles, carrying, lifting storing, moving, loading, unloading, opening or closing goods or parcels;




      1. cleaning or washing premises, doors, windows, equipment, tools, plant, machinery, furniture, vehicles, containers or other articles, and includes the polishing of floors, furniture or vehicles or the brushing of mats or the cleaning of mats by means of a machine;




      1. cooking rations or making tea or similar beverages for employees, including serving them, or making tea or other refreshments for the employer or the employer’s guests, including the serving thereof;




      1. delivering or conveying messages, letters, goods, or parcels on foot, or by any means excluding motor vehicles;




      1. feeding or tending animals;




      1. filling fuel tanks or filling or draining oil sumps;




      1. gardening




      1. oiling or greasing vehicles, plant or machinery;




      1. opening or closing doors or windows;




      1. pushing or pulling vehicles otherwise than by means of mechanical equipment;




      1. removing refuse or ashes;




      1. removing, replacing, changing wheels, tyres or tubes, or repairing or pumping tyres or tubes;




      1. removing, topping up or replacing batteries;




      1. replacing towels, soap or toilet paper;




      1. stamping or stencilling containers or parcels where discretion is not required;




      1. washing or ironing overalls, uniforms or protective clothing;




      1. whitewashing, cleaning or disinfecting kennels, stables, outbuildings or toilets;




    1. goods” means any movable property, but not limited to, money, and other valuables belonging to or in the custody of the employer, that has to be guarded, protected or transported under guard;




    1. gross vehicle mass”, in relation to a motor vehicle, means the maximum mass of such vehicle and its load as specified by the manufacturer or, in the absence of such specification, as determined by the registering authority;




    1. handyman” means an employee, other than an apprentice or a trainee, who is engaged in making minor repairs or adjustments to machinery or equipment, and who may also effect minor repairs or renovations to buildings, but who does not do any work normally performed by an artisan;




    1. heavy motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle the gross vehicle mass of which exceeds 9,000kg;




    1. hourly wage” means an employee’s hourly wage in respect of ordinary hours worked, as set out in clause 3 sub clause (1)(b), and in the case of a ship security officer and a cargo security officer it means the wage referred to in clause 3 sub clause (1)(d);




    1. law” includes the common law;




    1. light motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle the gross vehicle mass of which does not exceed 3,500kg;




    1. local authority” means any borough council, city council, municipal council, village management board, divisional council or any similar institution or body contemplated in section 84 (1)(f) of the Provincial Government Act, 1961, or in any other parliamentary legislation;




    1. manager” means an employee who is charged by an employer with the overall supervision over, responsibility for and direction of the activities of an establishment or part of an establishment and the employees engaged therein, but does not include any employee in the same establishment who relieves or acts for a manager during the employer’s absence;




    1. medical practitioner” means




      1. a person entitled to practice as a medical practitioner in terms of section 17 of the Medical, Dental and Supplementary Health Service Professions Act, 1974 (Act No. 50 of 1974); or




      1. a registered traditional healer;




    1. midwife” means a person registered or enrolled to practice as a midwife in terms of section 16 of the Nursing Act, 1978 (Act No. 50 of 1978);




    1. medium motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle the gross vehicle mass of which exceeds 3,500kg but not 9,000kg;




    1. motor vehicle” means a self-propelled vehicle used for the transportation of goods, persons or dogs, and includes a motorcycle and a motorised three-wheeler;




    1. night work” means work that is performed between the hours of 18:00 on one day and 06:00 the next day;




    1. ordinary hours of work” means the hours of work prescribed in clause 5 sub clause (1), but if by agreement between and employer and employee the latter works a lesser number of ordinary hours, it means such shorter hours;




    1. ordinary wage” means the employee’s ordinary remuneration excluding any premium for work on a Sunday or Public Holiday;




    1. overtime” means that portion of any period worked by an employee in any week or on any day which is longer than the maximum permissible weekly or daily ordinary hours of work, as the case may be;




    1. premises” means any land and any building or structure above or below the surface of any land and includes any vehicle, aircraft or vessel;




    1. public holiday” means all public holidays declared as such in terms of the Public Holidays Act, 1994;




    1. qualified” in relation to an employee referred to in sub clauses (9) and (10), means that the experience of an employee in the employee’s class entitles the employee to the highest wage rated prescribed for that class of employee, and conversely, “unqualified” means that experience in the employee’s class does not entitle the employee to such highest wage rate;




    1. remuneration” means any payment in money or kind, or both in money and kind, made or owing to any person in return for that person working for any other person, including the State, and “remunerate” has a corresponding meaning;




    1. security officer” means a security officer, grade A, B, C, D or E;




    1. security officer grade A” means an employee who performs any one or more of the following duties:




      1. advising or reporting on any matter affecting guarding or protection services;




      1. assisting in the screening of candidates for employment;




      1. assuming responsibility for staff training;




      1. drawing money or cheques or taking possession of negotiable documents;




      1. drawing money at banks or similar institutions;




      1. guarding or protecting goods;




      1. supervising subordinate staff; and




      1. who may drive a motor vehicle in the performance of any or all of the employee’s duties;




    1. security officer grade B” means an employee who performs any one or more of the following duties, namely, supervising, controlling, instructing or training security officers, grade C, D or E or general workers and reporting thereon to an employer or any other specified person and who may –




      1. drive a motor vehicle in the performance of any or all of the employee’s duties;




      1. be called upon to perform any or all of the duties of a security officer, grade C;




    1. security officer grade C” means an employee who performs any one or more of the following duties –




      1. supervising or controlling security officers, grade D or E;




      1. driving a motor vehicle in the course of supervising or controlling security officers grade D or E;




      1. driving a motor vehicle for the purpose of transporting security officers; and




      1. who may be called upon to perform any or all of the duties of a security officer, grade D;




    1. security officer grade D” means an employee who performs any one or more of the following duties –




      1. controlling or reporting on the movement of persons or vehicles through checkpoints or gates;




      1. searching persons and if necessary, restraining them;




      1. supervising or controlling security officers, grade E;




      1. searching goods or vehicles; and




      1. who may be required to perform any or all of the duties of a security officer, grade E;




    1. security officer grade E” means an employee, other than a security officer, grade D, who performs any one or more of the following duties –




      1. guarding, protecting or patrolling premises or goods;




      1. handling or controlling dogs in the performance of any or all of the duties referred to in (a);




    1. spare and reliever” means an employee who reports for duty at a specified place and time, and who must remain at the specified place for the duration of that shift, or who is required to replace any other employee who may be on scheduled time-off, annual leave or absent from duty, or who is required to perform duties at any place designated by the employer;




    1. ship security officer” means an employee who guards the entrance to or exit from a ship;




    1. short time” means a temporary reduction in the number of ordinary hours of work owing to a slackness of business in the trade, a breakdown of plant, machinery or equipment or a breakdown or threatened breakdown of buildings;




    1. storeperson” means an employee, other than a controller, who is in charge of incoming stock and who is responsible for receiving, storing, packing or unpacking stock in or for issuing stock from a store, warehouse or open stockyard;




    1. Sunday work” means any work performed where the relevant shift commences on a Sunday and where the major portion of that shift is performed on that Sunday;




    1. wage” means that amount of money payable to an employee in terms of clause 3 sub clause (1) in respect of ordinary hours of work;




    1. week” in relation to an employee, means the period of seven days within which the working week of that employee ordinarily falls.




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