Articles Summary №3.16
The convergence processes occurring in modern society make the research at the inter-
section of different fields of knowledge currently important. The paper provides a complex
analysis of such concepts as “information”, “media” and “communication”. By synthesiz-
ing the conceptions, the author arrives at a conclusion about the inseparable unity of the
theoretical constructs under consideration and their integrity, which will make the practical
application of the results obtained possible. The synergetic effect of the triad “informa-
tion – media – communication” (IMC) appears to be a key to understanding numerous
innovative practices in the education system brought to life by the new realities of the
In the paper, the author draws attention to the inadequate interpretation of the media
as solely a means of mass communication considering that this concept has a much wider
meaning. The author also emphasizes that the technocratic approach to studying and us-
ing information and communication technologies (ICTs) limits the possibilities of working
with the meanings which the media communicate altering and sometimes distorting in-
formation. As a matter of fact, in the pedagogical practice the use of ICTs is only confined
to computer literacy.
In conclusion, the author states that in the future the synergetic effect of the triad
“information – media – communication” will give the opportunity to more rapidly adapt
to Smart Education in an interactive educational environment using the freely available
world content. It should be noted that this is not just a new technology, this is a new phi-
losophy of education.
information, media, communication, media and information literacy, syn-
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Moskovskaya deklaratsiya o media- i informatsionnoy gramotnosti [Moscow Declara-
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A Photo Report in Russian Historiography: the Evolution of the Concept, Content
© Maria A. Krasheninnikova
PhD degree-seeking student at the Chair of Photojournalism and Media Technologies, Fac-
ulty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow, Russia), mashagarnova@
In the paper, the author traces the dynamics of the concept of a photo report from
the Soviet times to our days through the most prominent works of Russian researchers of
photography. The appearance of photo reports in the press contributed not only to the
visualization of the coverage but also to dynamics, acuteness, documentality, the participa-
tion effect and the power of conviction. Over several decades, a photo report has worked
its way up from a minor component of newspapers and magazines to the main point of